Textbook Notes (368,245)
Canada (161,733)
Criminology (124)
CRM 102 (29)
Chapter 6

CRM102 -Scott Clark- Chapter 6.docx Crime and Criminology and Introduction 1ST EDITION

3 Pages
Unlock Document

CRM 102
Scott Clark

CRM 102: Chapter 6 Marxist Criminology Introduction • Key aspect of this approach is that it views crime as an outcome and reflection of basic class divisions in society • Focus of analysis is on power and inequality, especially insofar as the embody class-related processes associated with the overall distribution of social wealth • Relationship between economic, political, and criminal processes is a central theme of the chapter Social Context • Deviance meant deviation from consensus and from the presumed accepted core values and norms • Functionalist approach: Everything was conceived as operating to sustain society as a whole • If an individual deviates from social norm, then we bring them back into line, thus restoring the equilibrium • State is seen as neutral and detached from the competing interest groups • Pluralism: Society no longer seen as a homogenous, unitary whole, but one made up of various competing interest groups Basic Concepts • Marxist conceptions of society are based upon an analysis of structural power in society • Individuals in a class society are define by their position and opportunities in society as dictated by class force • State institutions (police, prisons) is to concentrate on specific kinds of behaviour (working- class crimes) as being more ‘deviant’and ‘harmful’than other kinds of destructive or exploitive behaviour (powerful crimes), which is deemed less worth of state intervention • Marxists directs focus away from ‘street crimes’towards social harms perpetrated by the powerful within society • Crimes of the powerful are linked to both a personal desire to augment ones wealth and a structural imperative to get an edge in the overall capitalist economic competition (include economic crimes and state crimes) • Crimes of less powerful stem from a combo of economic and social motivations (subsistence-related crimes –shoplifting, and socio-cultural crimes –assault) • In essence, where you are located in the class structure will influence the kinds of criminal activity you engage in • Marxist response to crime: expose the extent and nature of the social harm perpetrated by the powerful in society • Operation of the CJS should be based upon full public accountability of each apparatus of the state (police, courts, corrections), while upholding human rights (designed to protect the interests of the working class) • Best form of crime prevention is one that addresses the basic problem of a concentration of wealth and power into a small number of hands in society Historical Development • As societies move (ex: feudalism to capitalism), we see a shift in the mode of production across these areas: from agriculture to industry; from power focused among the aristocracy to power concentrated among the capitalist class • In the last century and a half, we have witnessed the birth and growth of a new class –the working class or proletariat (including unions, socialism) • Bonger argued that ‘criminal thought’is generated by the conditions of want and misery foisted upon sections of the working class, and is also the result of the greed that underpins the capitalist competitive process • Criminality is in
More Less

Related notes for CRM 102

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.