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Chapter 5+6

CYC 302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5+6: Mantra

Child and Youth Care
Course Code
CYC 302
Lisa Pena- Sabanal

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Therapeutic Recreation Programming Healing Spaces Chapter 5 and 6
Textbook Notes
Chapter Five: The Cultural Milieu
- Meta environment includes all cultural groupings the child has had contact with within his life,
the most important usually being family; can include other subgroups such as sexuality/gender
- Bias: attitudes that can influence feelings, leading individuals to have negative predispositions
about a group
- Discrimination: negative treatment of others based on characteristics such as race, gender, etc
- Diversity: variety, range of personnel who represent minority populations and people from
varied backgrounds, cultures and ethnicities
- Emancipation: freeing an individual/group from the control of another
- Oppression: social act of placing severe restrictions on an individual/group/institution
- Prejudice: opinion about an individual/group that is developed without proof
- Racism: negatively stereotyping people based on their race
- Stigma: characteristic of individual that is deemed as others as negative
- The therapeutic cultural milieu is measured by the level of acceptance and celebration of
differences within all humans; includes views of children and of workers
- Must feel free from discrimination and feel values and supported
Culturally Safe Milieu
- Tolerating child’s membership in a specific group no matter what their personal views are
- Must feel understood culturally, therefore staff should be trained and knowledgable
- Clearly defined and enforced rules, conversations about diversity/different cultures; education
and awareness is the first step, as most children say/believe what they hear/are taught
- Allowing discussion and for children to talk about it in order to understand it which can then
lead to a sharing of information
Culturally Inclusive Milieu
- Setting that is curious and interested in cultural uniqueness, with discussions about similarities
and differences and celebrations of different beliefs/rituals
- Expose children to opportunities to learn more about different cultures,
Culturally Affirming Milieu
- Celebration of children’s roots, utilization of differences to enhance the group, recognizes all
aspects of children’s identity as important
- Practitioners need to look at their own culture and also utilize their experiences/stories
- Results over time with trust and intimacy within the group, must be opportunities for growth
and sharing; eventually the milieu will have a culture of it’s own and how it’s own rituals and
Therapeutic Activities
- Encourage children to bring in old pictures about their heritage, make a collage and present it
- Get children to create family trees after researching their history
- Get children to create a flag that symbolizes their culture
- Get children to draw a picture portraying them and their differences, then make a class mural
- Give children the word racism, stigma and prejudice and get them to make skits showing these
things and then another skit showing ideas on how to fix these things
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