Textbook Notes (270,000)
CA (160,000)
Ryerson (10,000)
CYC (100)
Chapter 5+6

CYC 302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5+6: Mantra


Department
Child and Youth Care
Course Code
CYC 302
Professor
Lisa Pena- Sabanal
Chapter
5+6

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Therapeutic Recreation Programming Healing Spaces Chapter 5 and 6
Textbook Notes
Chapter Five: The Cultural Milieu
- Meta environment includes all cultural groupings the child has had contact with within his life,
the most important usually being family; can include other subgroups such as sexuality/gender
- Bias: attitudes that can influence feelings, leading individuals to have negative predispositions
about a group
- Discrimination: negative treatment of others based on characteristics such as race, gender, etc
- Diversity: variety, range of personnel who represent minority populations and people from
varied backgrounds, cultures and ethnicities
- Emancipation: freeing an individual/group from the control of another
- Oppression: social act of placing severe restrictions on an individual/group/institution
- Prejudice: opinion about an individual/group that is developed without proof
- Racism: negatively stereotyping people based on their race
- Stigma: characteristic of individual that is deemed as others as negative
- The therapeutic cultural milieu is measured by the level of acceptance and celebration of
differences within all humans; includes views of children and of workers
- Must feel free from discrimination and feel values and supported
Culturally Safe Milieu
- Tolerating child’s membership in a specific group no matter what their personal views are
- Must feel understood culturally, therefore staff should be trained and knowledgable
- Clearly defined and enforced rules, conversations about diversity/different cultures; education
and awareness is the first step, as most children say/believe what they hear/are taught
- Allowing discussion and for children to talk about it in order to understand it which can then
lead to a sharing of information
Culturally Inclusive Milieu
- Setting that is curious and interested in cultural uniqueness, with discussions about similarities
and differences and celebrations of different beliefs/rituals
- Expose children to opportunities to learn more about different cultures,
Culturally Affirming Milieu
- Celebration of children’s roots, utilization of differences to enhance the group, recognizes all
aspects of children’s identity as important
- Practitioners need to look at their own culture and also utilize their experiences/stories
- Results over time with trust and intimacy within the group, must be opportunities for growth
and sharing; eventually the milieu will have a culture of it’s own and how it’s own rituals and
customs
Therapeutic Activities
- Encourage children to bring in old pictures about their heritage, make a collage and present it
- Get children to create family trees after researching their history
- Get children to create a flag that symbolizes their culture
- Get children to draw a picture portraying them and their differences, then make a class mural
- Give children the word racism, stigma and prejudice and get them to make skits showing these
things and then another skit showing ideas on how to fix these things
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version