HRM Chapter 1
What is Human Resource Management?
Leadership and Management of people within an organization using systems,
procedures, methods and processes that enable employees to optimize their
contribution to organizational goals
It supports and enables org to meet short and long term economics, socials,
and environmental goals.
linked to the strategic needs of an organization and aims to integrate human
resource management strategies and systems to support the organization’s
overall mission, strategies and success
linked to the strategic needs of an organization corporate, business &
HR Strategies and tactics must be mutually consistent
HR strategies need to be consistent with organizational priority
Strategic HRM often enables an organization to anticipate a challenge or
problem and address it before it impacts the organization.
1. Proactive HRM
Occurs when HR problems or challenges are anticipated and strategic action
begins before it impacts the organization
Decision makers anticipate problems and likely challenges and take action
before a problem exists.
2. Reactive HRM
Occurs when decision makers respond to HR problems/ challenges as they
Decision makers respond to problems rather than anticipate them
Step 2: Organizational Mission and Goals Analysis
The organization’s overall mission and goals guide the human resources
needed to fulfill the mission and goal
Goals such as productivity, organizational, efficiency, employee satisfaction,
efficiency, and ability to adapt will help to identify HR strategies
Step 3: Analysis of Organizational Character and Culture
Human resource strategies should be formulated only after a careful loolk at
the organization’s character