ITM 102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Cybercrime, P3P, Privacy Policy

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Chapter 4
4.1
Ethics
Principles of right and wrong that individuals, acting as free moral agents,
use to make choices to guide their behaviours
Failed ethical judgments by management have occurred across a broad
spectrum of industries
Can result in legal repercussions
A model for thinking about ethical, social, and political issues
Society as a calm pond
IT as a rock dropped in pond, creating ripples of new situations not
covered by old rules
Social and political institutions cannot respond overnight to these
ripples it may take years to develop etiquette, expectations, laws
Requires understanding of ethics to make choices in legally gray areas
Five moral dimensions of the information age
Information rights and obligations
Property rights and obligations
Accountability and control
System quality
Quality of life
4.2
Basic concepts: responsibility, accountability, and liability
Responsibility: Accepting the potential costs, duties, and obligations
for your decisions
Accountability: Mechanisms for identifying responsible parties
Liability: Permits individuals to recover damages done to them
Due process: Laws are well known and understood, with an ability to
appeal to higher authorities
Candidate ethical principles
1. Golden Rule: Do unto others as you would have them do unto you
2. Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative: If an action is not right for everyone
to take, then it is not right for anyone
3. Descartes’ rule of change: If an action cannot be taken repeatedly, then it is
not right to be taken at any time
4. Utilitarian Principle: Take the action that achieves the greatest value for all
concerned
5. Risk Aversion Principle: Take the action that produces the least harm or
incurs the least cost to all concerned
6. Ethical “no free lunch” rule: Assume that all tangible and intangible objects
are owned by someone else, unless there is a specific declaration otherwise
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Document Summary

A model for thinking about ethical, social, and political issues: society as a calm pond. Information rights and obligations: property rights and obligations, accountability and control, system quality, quality of life. Responsibility: accepting the potential costs, duties, and obligations for your decisions. Liability: permits individuals to recover damages done to them. Due process: laws are well known and understood, with an ability to appeal to higher authorities. Ethical analysis: identify and clearly describe the facts, define the conflict or dilemma, and identify the higher-order values involved, identify the stakeholders, identify the options that you can reasonably take, identify the consequences of your options. Professional codes of conduct: promises by professionals to regulate themselves in the general interest of society, promulgated by associations such as the. Information rights: privacy and freedom in the internet age. Privacy: claim of individuals to be left alone, free from surveillance or interference from other individuals, organizations, or the state.

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