Chapter 5 textbook notes:
- The tort of conspiracy usually occurs when two or more defendants agree to act together with
the primary purpose of causing the plaintiff to suffer a financial loss.
- The tort of intimidation occurs when the plaintiff suffers a loss as a result of the defendant’s
threat to commit an unlawful act against either the plaintiff or a third party.
o Two party- intimidations: occurs when defendant directly coerces the plaintiff into
suffering a loss.
o Three-Party Intimidation: occurs when the defendant coerces a third party into acting
in a way that hurts the plaintiff.
The plaintiff must prove that the defendant threatened to commit an unlawful
act, such as a crime, a tort, or even a breach of contract.
The tort does not occur unless the threatened party gave in to the intimiation.
For example, the plaintiff would not have won in Rookes v Bernard if the airline
had ignored the union’s threat.
As long as the ther elements of the tort are established, there is no need to
prove that the defendant intended to hurt the plaintiff.
- The tort of interference with contractual, relations occurs when the defendant disrupts a
contract that exists between the plantiff and a third party.
o Direct inducement to breach of contract
Occurs when the defendant directly persuades a third party to break its contract
with the plaintiff.
Liability requires for 4 factors:
The defendant must know about the contract that exists between the
third party and the plaintiff. Defendant doesn’t need to know all the
The defendant must intend to ca