Strategic approach to recruitment and retention of employees includes a well-integrated orientation program both before and after hiring. Employee orientation (onboarding): a procedure for providing new employees with basic background information about the firm and the job; it can also reduce the number of workplace injuries, particularly for young workers. Essence of orientation: introduce people to the culture, give them a common bond. 3)teach the importance of teamwork in a workplace. 4)provide the tools and information to be successful. Socialization: the ongoing process of instilling in all employees the prevailing attitudes, standards, values, and patterns of behaviour that are expected by the organization. Reality shock: the states that results from the discrepancy between what the new employee expects from his or her new job and the realities from it. Effective orientation program involves discussing work-related goals with new employee to provide basis for early feedback and establish a foundation for ongoing performance management.