Textbook Notes (368,780)
Canada (162,164)
Sociology (561)
SOC 103 (124)
Sal Guzzo (25)
Chapter 8

Chapter note from Sociology in Our Times 5th Canadian Edition: Chapter 8

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SOC 103
Sal Guzzo

Chapter 8: Social and Stratification in Canada What is Social Stratification? Social stratification : is the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on their control over basic resources Involves patterns of structural inequality that are associated with membership in each of these groups, as well as the ideologies that support inequality Life chances: refers to the extent to within individuals have access to important societal resources, such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care More affluent people typically have better life chances than the less affluent bc have greater access to quality education, high quality nutrition and health care, police Resources: anything valued in a society Life chances, more for affluent people Distinguish among people with age, sex, religion, race, treated unequally Systems of Stratification Most important characteristics of systems of stratification is the degree of flexibility Open system: the boundaries between levels in the hierarchies are more flexible and may be influenced positively or negatively by peoples achieved statues Social mobility: in the movement of individuals or groups from one level in stratification system to another Intergenerational mobility: is the social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next Intragenerational mobility: is the social movement of individuals within their own lifetime Both motilities may be upward or downward movement Closed system: the boundaries between levels in the hierarchies of social stratification are rigid and peoples positions are set by ascribed status No stratification system is completely open or closed www.notesolution.comSlavery Slavery: is an extreme form of stratification in which some people are owned by others Closed system (slaves have no control over lives) Slave characteristics: o It was for life and was inherited (children of slaves were considered to be slaves) o Slaves were considered property, not human beings o Slaves were denied rights o Coercion was used to keep slaves in their place The Caste System Caste system: a system of social inequality in which peoples status is permanently determined at birth based on their parents ascribed characteristics India, caste based in part on occupation South Africa, race Apartheid: the separation of the races Endogamous: people are allowed to marry only within their own group Caste systems sustain by cultural beliefs and values Caste systems grow weaker as societies industrialize Closed system, group membership is hereditary Almost impossible to move up within the structure The Class System The class system is a type of stratification based on the ownership and control of resources and on the type of work people do www.notesolution.com
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