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Chapter 4

Personaltiy - Ch4. Analytic Psychology Carl Jung.pdf

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PSYC 370
Robert Ley

Ch4. Analytic Psychology: Carl Jung January-26-13 2:37 PM I. Introduction • Carl Jung felt Freud put too much emphasis on sexual instinct as main motivatorin personality → lots of overlap in terminologybut with notable differences • Empiricism • Jung felt people needed something to give meaning to life (religion) to find place in universe II. Carl Jung: Personal History • His father was a bored minister, who had to abandon his passion for ancient language to make a living. He was described as a boring man, who simply parroted the teachings of the religion. • His motherwas a strict old woman, who had an "unconscious personality" that would greatly contradict her usual persona (& criticized Jung) ○ This convinced Jung that he also had 2 personalities: (1) vicar's son, indifferent student and (2) wise old man • He hated school and after an accident, realized being unconscious would get him out of class. Developedfainting spells that didn't go away until he realized he couldn't live that way forever → studied like mad and got into university. • Was conflicted about what areas to pursue until he found psychiatry (a clash a biological science x humanistic spirituality; which satisfies both his personalities) • Greatly admired Freud, and was seen as his protégé until Freud insisted on the importance of sexual instincts, which Jung disagreed with. The two had a terrible fall out • Jung lived with his wife (fellow Jungian analyst) and mistress. III. Emphasis A. Teleology ○ Teleology:that events in the past are insufficient to explain present behaviour  Jung felt it was depressing otherwise b/c the past cannot be changed ○ That personality is an ongoing process towards self-actualization ○ On the same footing as determinism (all events, including human action, are predetermined, beyond the scope of human will) B. Collective unconscious ○ Collectiveunconscious: inheritance of fundamental experiences of our species; a store of memoriesthat are latent but can be retrieved  e.g., motherhood,deity, elementaryfears, masculinity/ femininity, the hero, the wise old man, etc. ○ Jung didn't think this was due to inheritance of acquired characteristics → perhaps he meant that it was influenced by evolution(but not that it was evolutionary)(as in evolutionset up the grounds for people to develop it, but it wasn't evolutionaryselected for) ○ Archetype: inherited mental structure/ pattern, observable through manifestationof behaviour, especially that associated with ancient/ universal experiences (motherhood, death, marriage) C. Psychic Energy ○ Psychic energy: originates from metabolism;like libido but without sexual connotation (more like life energy) ○ It fuels psychological activities(attention, feelings, etc.) D. Ego and Self ○ Ego: core of aware part of personality; responsible for perception, thought, continuity of time, etc. Self: center of whole personality, midpoint between un/conscious; drives behaviour & ○ Self: center of whole personality, midpoint between un/conscious; drives behaviour & search for sense of completeness(e.g., religion) E. Religion ○ Freud felt religion was an extension of a sense of helplessness we felt as infants ○ Jung believed it was source of hope, completeness,self realization F. Principle of Synchronicity ○ Behaviour/ events tend to be products of causality, even if we cannot immediately identify the cause ○ Synchronicity accounts for the paranormal experiences(telepathy, clairvoyance)  e.g., praying for something and it works;dreaming of a death that actually happened IV. Major Concepts of Analytic Psychology A. Structural & Dynamic Concepts 1. Ego  Responsible for thinking, perceiving, feelings, remembering, sense of identity  Related to continuity of experiences  Wholly conscious, unlike Freudian ego (unconscious) 2. Personal Unconscious  Though joined to ego, it is its opposition  e.g., when you're upset by don't know why (unconscious wishes at conflict)  Consists of feelings, ideas, wishes that were once conscious but were repressed/ forgotten/too small to be noticed  Unlike Freud, this can be where imaginative bursts originate to shape our creative idea  Complexes: emotionallysignificant & often disturbing constellations of ideas; dominates our ideas unconsciously □ e.g., mother complex: derived from maternal archetype & childhood experience with mother □ e.g., father complex: about power or urgent preoccupationwith reducing things to simplest form □ Consists of a nuclear idea that draws related ideas to it 3. Collective Unconsciousness  A deposit of ancestral experience from untold millions of years, to which each century adds variations  What is inherited is the potential for memorableexperiences to be revived (which in turn influence our behaviour/ feelings)  e.g., birth, death, mother, father, hero, etc.  e.g., mythical ideas (archetype) like sun as hero, religion, etc.  We are born with these archetype. Dismissing them may lead to distortions (→ neurosis)  Like a readiness to make associationsbetween certain stimuli and not others → e.g., phobias  It borders Lamarckian (that it's inherited, genetic) a) Persona □ The public face, necessary for social living □ If too invested, it prevents genuine contact with others □ Introvertstend to adopt one persona → more likely to become socially awkward □ Extravertseasily adopt persona to fit situation b) Animus & Anima b) Animus & Anima □ Unconscious F in M and M in F □ Jung: no one can completelydeny the counterparts;gives P understanding of opposite sex and possibility to take on traditional attributes of opposite sex
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