PSYC 370 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Old Age, Middle Ages, Middle Age

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27 Jan 2013
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Carl Jung felt Freud put too much emphasis on sexual instinct as main motivator in personality
lots of overlap in terminology but with notable differences
Empiricism
Jung felt people needed something to give meaning to life (religion) to find place in universe
Introduction
I.
His father was a bored minister, who had to abandon his passion for ancient language to make
a living. He was described as a boring man, who simply parroted the teachings of the religion.
This convinced Jung that he also had 2 personalities: (1) vicar's son, indifferent student
and (2) wise old man
His mother was a strict old woman, who had an "unconscious personality" that would greatly
contradict her usual persona (& criticized Jung)
He hated school and after an accident, realized being unconscious would get him out of class.
Developed fainting spells that didn't go away until he realized he couldn't live that way forever
studied like mad and got into university.
Was conflicted about what areas to pursue until he found psychiatry (a clash a biological
science x humanistic spirituality; which satisfies both his personalities)
Greatly admired Freud, and was seen as his protégé until Freud insisted on the importance of
sexual instincts, which Jung disagreed with. The two had a terrible fall out
Jung lived with his wife (fellow Jungian analyst) and mistress.
Carl Jung: Personal History
II.
Jung felt it was depressing otherwise b/c the past cannot be changed
Teleology: that events in the past are insufficient to explain present behaviour
That personality is an ongoing process towards self-actualization
On the same footing as determinism (all events, including human action, are
predetermined, beyond the scope of human will)
Teleology
A.
e.g., motherhood, deity, elementary fears, masculinity/ femininity, the hero, the
wise old man, etc.
Collective unconscious: inheritance of fundamental experiences of our species; a store
of memories that are latent but can be retrieved
Jung didn't think this was due to inheritance of acquired characteristics perhaps he
meant that it was influenced by evolution (but not that it was evolutionary) (as in
evolution set up the grounds for people to develop it, but it wasn't evolutionary selected
for)
Archetype: inherited mental structure/ pattern, observable through manifestation of
behaviour, especially that associated with ancient/ universal experiences (motherhood,
death, marriage)
Collective unconscious
B.
Psychic energy: originates from metabolism; like libido but without sexual connotation
(more like life energy)
It fuels psychological activities (attention, feelings, etc.)
Psychic Energy
C.
Ego: core of aware part of personality; responsible for perception, thought, continuity of
time, etc.
Self: center of whole personality, midpoint between un/conscious; drives behaviour &
Ego and Self
D.
Emphasis
III.
Ch4. Analytic Psychology: Carl Jung
January-26-13
2:37 PM
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Self: center of whole personality, midpoint between un/conscious; drives behaviour &
search for sense of completeness (e.g., religion)
Freud felt religion was an extension of a sense of helplessness we felt as infants
Jung believed it was source of hope, completeness, self realization
Religion
E.
Behaviour/ events tend to be products of causality, even if we cannot immediately
identify the cause
e.g., praying for something and it works; dreaming of a death that actually
happened
Synchronicity accounts for the paranormal experiences (telepathy, clairvoyance)
Principle of Synchronicity
F.
Responsible for thinking, perceiving, feelings, remembering, sense of identity
Related to continuity of experiences
Wholly conscious, unlike Freudian ego (unconscious)
Ego
1.
Though joined to ego, it is its opposition
e.g., when you're upset by don't know why (unconscious wishes at conflict)
Consists of feelings, ideas, wishes that were once conscious but were repressed/
forgotten/ too small to be noticed
Unlike Freud, this can be where imaginative bursts originate to shape our creative
idea
e.g., mother complex: derived from maternal archetype & childhood
experience with mother
e.g., father complex: about power or urgent preoccupation with reducing
things to simplest form
Consists of a nuclear idea that draws related ideas to it
Complexes: emotionally significant & often disturbing constellations of ideas;
dominates our ideas unconsciously
Personal Unconscious
2.
A deposit of ancestral experience from untold millions of years, to which each
century adds variations
What is inherited is the potential for memorable experiences to be revived (which
in turn influence our behaviour/ feelings)
e.g., birth, death, mother, father, hero, etc.
e.g., mythical ideas (archetype) like sun as hero, religion, etc.
We are born with these archetype. Dismissing them may lead to distortions (
neurosis)
Like a readiness to make associations between certain stimuli and not others
e.g., phobias
It borders Lamarckian (that it's inherited, genetic)
The public face, necessary for social living
If too invested, it prevents genuine contact with others
Introverts tend to adopt one persona more likely to become socially
awkward
Extraverts easily adopt persona to fit situation
Persona
a)
Animus & Anima
b)
Collective Unconsciousness
3.
Structural & Dynamic Concepts
A.
Major Concepts of Analytic Psychology
IV.
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