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Sociology and Anthropology
SA 250
Ann Travers

Social theory, periods of rapid social change inspire some members of society to reflect critically on their circumstances. ⁃ Postindustrial economy is defined as a “productive system based on service work and the extensive use of information technology” ⁃ Changes in the way human societies produce their means of subsistence are generally characterized as revolutions. ⁃ Revolutions involve fundamental changes to economic and hence, to political and social activity. ⁃ The first revolution, the agricultural revolution, replaced a semi-nomadic hunting and gathering mode of production with one based on farming, the keeping of livestock, and sedentary communities. ⁃ This industrial economy has been overtaken by another revolution in productive technology; this time, the social, political, and economic changes are driven by information technology. ⁃ characterized by a shift in the importance of three productive sectors in the economy- the primary sector, the secondary sector, and the tertiary sector. ▪ The primary sector is based upon the extraction of raw materials from the environmental. ▪ This sector dominates in an agricultural economy. ▪ The secondary sector involves transforming such raw materials into goods. ▪ This sector dominates in an industrial economy. A postindustrial economy is characterized by dependance on the tertiary or service sector. ▪ The Postindustrial Revolution emerged as industrial societies
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