Chapter 4 Glossary: The Living Past
Middle-Range Theory: A way of seeking accurate means for identifying and measuring specified properties of past
Ethnoarchaeology: Living archaeology, a form of ethnography that deals mainly with material remains.
Archaeologists carry out living archaeology to document the relationships between human
behaviour and the patterns of artifacts and food remains in the archaeological record.
Experimental The use of carefully controlled modern experiments to provide data to aid in the interpretation
Archaeology: of the archaeological record.
Culture Change: The process that all cultures go through in time; opposite of stasis
Biological Change: Same as evolution, the change of a population from its ancestral state to a more modern state.
Social Evolution: An early cultural approach to change that incorrectly assumed that cultures evolved in a rather
automatic fashion from savagery to barbarianism to civilization
Adaptation: The theoretical end result of natural selection on biological species; species are generally better
adapted to their existing environment through time
Speciation: The process of forming new species either by a group changing and becoming so different as to
necessitate a new designation or by some kind of isolation, splitting into two or more species.
Drift: One ca