Lecture 7 questions:
1) What is Dual Coding Theory? What are logogens and imagens?
2) What is the different between Concrete and Abstract Words? What does dual
coding theory say about the two?
3) In the experiment where Participants are presented with lists of cuetarget word
pairs. After presentation, participants are presented with cue words and have to
recall the target word, which pairs (stimulus + response) showed the most correct
responses (CC or CA or AA or AC)? Does it support Dual coding theory? Why or
4) Do Children tend to acquire concrete words before abstract words? When brain
damage occurs, which memory is lost first? In lexical decisions what words are
responded to quicker? What does this support?
5) What is the difference between Concreteness vs. Imageability?
6) Can words that are not concrete have imageability? Example?
7) Is the assumption true that that mental imagery is visual in nature?
8) We know that words that are not concrete can have imageability. What theory this
finding contradicts? And why?
9) After accounting for how often words appear( in the lexical decision task) in
emotional contexts, does imageability ratings of words predict how long it takes
to respond to them? What is does result mean?
10) Is there are different between mental rotation of objects verses the physical
rotation of objection?
11) In mental scanning when Participants would be presented with an image of a
simple object, and be required to memorize it. They would then have to bring that
image to mind, told to focus on a specific location of the image, and then be asked
to respond to true/false statements about the image ( such as is ____ right of
____). What did the result show interns of distance btw places?
12) In mental scanning, increase distance between two objects in an images leads to
increase response time. What are the two interpretation of why this is?
13) In an experiment where Participants were presented with a map of an island and
told to memorize it. Then, they would be asked to mentally scan between various
map locations ( distance of two location and things between these two location
was varied). Scanning time was measured. What was the result? Did intervening
landmarks effected the performances ( i.e. time)? The r vaue for this data was?
14) In an experiement where Participants would be briefly shown a display of dots.
The display would disappear. 2sec later, an arrow would appear