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Chapter 6

ANTH 3650 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Settler Colonialism, Exploitation Colonialism, Indian Act

Course Code
ANTH 3650
Edward Hedican

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Muckle Chapter 6 Summary: Understanding the Colonial
Continental Diplomacy in NA
-Continental diplomacy polite way to describe the struggles for resources etc. and
of indigenous peoples by first the Europeans and now what is Canada and U.S.A
-concerns some negotiations but many violent conflicts
-1400- significant European change on ppl and culture began
-Christopher Columbus set the stage for Spanish colonialism and led the way to
other nations claiming rights
-continental diplomacy is mainly concerned with Spain, Britain, France and
indigenous nations
-2 types of colonialism
1. exploitation colonialism- taking what resources are there with the least
amount of effort
2. settler colonialism- larger number of colonists which create new resources
e.g. farming
-eventually the Spanish influence left and the British and French were left to battle it
out with themselves and the indigenous population
-results were diplomatic relationships with indigenous groups
Principals, Policies, Practices and Agents of Change
-Spanish were the worst to deal with -> they sought out gold and riches and if not
found massacred people and took slaves
-British and French were mostly fur traders their relationship was relatively
peaceful, this did not mean they didn’t change their culture unintentionally
-1763 Royal Proclamation recognized the rights and lands of indigenous groups
and established the system of surrendering these rights and lands by treaties
-what was considered “rights” to lands caused this proclamation to fail
-Indian Act (Canada)
-Indian removal act designed to free up land for those of European decent
-Indian citizenship act and Dawes act both aimed for indigenous people to become
more like Europeans
-change in schools -> indigenous children forced from their homes by law to attend
school in which they were taught their ways were wrong and were assimilated
Processes of Change
-acculturation and assimilation are dominant processes
-eurocentrism- dominating idea for Europeans
-syncretism- a mixing of traditions
population loss
-introduction of disease from Europeans was main issue, also no access to
vaccines and no natural immunity
-also significant decline due to massacres and other conflicts
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