ANTH 3650 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Settler Colonialism, Exploitation Colonialism, Indian Act

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Muckle Chapter 6 Summary: Understanding the Colonial
Experience
Continental Diplomacy in NA
-Continental diplomacy polite way to describe the struggles for resources etc. and
of indigenous peoples by first the Europeans and now what is Canada and U.S.A
-concerns some negotiations but many violent conflicts
-1400- significant European change on ppl and culture began
-Christopher Columbus set the stage for Spanish colonialism and led the way to
other nations claiming rights
-continental diplomacy is mainly concerned with Spain, Britain, France and
indigenous nations
-2 types of colonialism
1. exploitation colonialism- taking what resources are there with the least
amount of effort
2. settler colonialism- larger number of colonists which create new resources
e.g. farming
-eventually the Spanish influence left and the British and French were left to battle it
out with themselves and the indigenous population
-results were diplomatic relationships with indigenous groups
Principals, Policies, Practices and Agents of Change
-Spanish were the worst to deal with -> they sought out gold and riches and if not
found massacred people and took slaves
-British and French were mostly fur traders their relationship was relatively
peaceful, this did not mean they didn’t change their culture unintentionally
-1763 Royal Proclamation recognized the rights and lands of indigenous groups
and established the system of surrendering these rights and lands by treaties
-what was considered “rights” to lands caused this proclamation to fail
-Indian Act (Canada)
-Indian removal act designed to free up land for those of European decent
-Indian citizenship act and Dawes act both aimed for indigenous people to become
more like Europeans
-change in schools -> indigenous children forced from their homes by law to attend
school in which they were taught their ways were wrong and were assimilated
Processes of Change
-acculturation and assimilation are dominant processes
-eurocentrism- dominating idea for Europeans
-syncretism- a mixing of traditions
population loss
-introduction of disease from Europeans was main issue, also no access to
vaccines and no natural immunity
-also significant decline due to massacres and other conflicts
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Document Summary

Continental diplomacy polite way to describe the struggles for resources etc. and of indigenous peoples by first the europeans and now what is canada and u. s. a. 1400- significant european change on ppl and culture began. Christopher columbus set the stage for spanish colonialism and led the way to other nations claiming rights. Continental diplomacy is mainly concerned with spain, britain, france and indigenous nations. 2 types of colonialism: exploitation colonialism- taking what resources are there with the least amount of effort, settler colonialism- larger number of colonists which create new resources e. g. farming. Eventually the spanish influence left and the british and french were left to battle it out with themselves and the indigenous population. Spanish were the worst to deal with -> they sought out gold and riches and if not found massacred people and took slaves. British and french were mostly fur traders their relationship was relatively peaceful, this did not mean they didn"t change their culture unintentionally.

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