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Chapter 2

Biology 1080 - Chapter 2 .docx

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BIOL 1080
Jim Kirkland

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BIOL*1080 Theory: A well-supported and wide-ranging explanation of some aspect of the physical universe. Statistical Significance: A measure of the possibility that the results were due to chance. Clinical Trials: Studies on humans. Placebo: An innocuous, nondrug substance made to look like the drug being tested. Informed Consent: Lists all the possible harmful effects of the drug or treatment and must be signed before a person can take part in a study. Chapter 2a Biomedical model of illness: In this model, a symptom of illness is considered to have an underlying pathology that will hopefully, but not inevitably, be cured through medical intervention. - Deals with objective facts, and assuming a direct causal relationship between illness, its symptoms, and adjustments outcomes. - Allows little room for subjectivity - Reductionist  The basic idea that mind, matter (body) and human behavior can all be reduced to, and explained at, the level of cells, neural activity or biochemical activity. o Ignores evidence that different people respond in different ways to the same underlying disease. Biopsychoscocial: - There is one type of “stuff” that can be perceived objectively and subjectively. - Ex. Many illnesses have organic underlying causes, but unique individual responses due to the action of the mind. (Subjective) Mind and body separate  dualist / A mechanistic view point Units  Monists 1 Chapter 2b WHO Definition of Health: “State of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and … not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” - Individuals deserving of a positive state, overall feeling of wellbeing, fully functioning. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Health Collectivist approach: The community or family works together for the wellbeing of all. Individualistic approach: Responsibility of the individual; behavior driven by individual needs and wants. Holistic: Concerned with the whole being and its wellbeing, rather than addressing the physical and observable. Chapter 2c Seven Dimensions of Health 1. Physical Health: Physical characteristics  Body size, shape, sensory activities, susceptibility to disease and disorders, body functioning, recuperative ability. 2. Social Health: Capacity of satisfying interpersonal r
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