BIOL 1500 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Evolutionary Medicine, Antimicrobial Resistance, Amoxicillin

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UNIT 8 SUMMARY TABLE
Terms and Concepts Explanation Example
Antibiotic resistance Characteristic of a certain bacteria: a
physiological characteristic that
permits them to survive in the
presence of particular antibiotics
Antibiotics A chemical that kills or disables
bacteria
Amoxicillin
Bacteria Domain of prokaryotic organisms
Darwinian medicine Evolutionary medicine or Darwinia
n medicine is the application of
modern evolutionary theory to
understanding health and disease.
The goal of
evolutionary medicine is to
understand why people get sick, not
simply how they get sick.
Defense The act of resistance
Design compromise
Evolutionary legacy
Genes Discrete unit of heritable
information about genetic traits.
Immune system The organ system that produces
cells and cell products, such as
antibody’s that help remove
pathogenic organisms
Infection Applies to a pathogen that finds a
tissue inside the body that will
support its growth
Novel environment
Pathogens Disease causing organisms
Prions a small petrel of southern seas,
having a wide bill fringed with
comblike plates for feeding on
planktonic crustaceans.
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