Chapter 6 – Attraction and Love.docx

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 2100
Cindy Clarke

Chapter 6 – Attraction and Love Attraction  Research shows that physical attractiveness is a major determinant of interpersonal and sexual attraction  Physical appearance is the key factor in consideration of partners for dates, sex, and long-term relationship Beauty Anorexia Nervosa: a potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthful body weight, intense fear of being overweight, a distorted body image, and, in females, lack of menstruation  Literally tarve themselves to conform to the contemporary ideal  On average, university men think their present physiques are close to ideal and appealing to women  University women generally see themselves as much heavier than the figure that is most alluring to men, and heavier still than the figure they perceive as the ideal feminine form  The hourglass figure is popular in Canada and the US  Results indicated that in evaluating physical attractiveness, body weight, waist size, and hip size all interact to influence ratings of women’s attractiveness  Walking style or gait of women who were not using hormonal birth-control pills varied according to the menstrual cycle  Women who were shown walking during their luteal or least fertile phase were judged to be the most attractive  Heterosexual men and women found women with 0.7 waist-to-hip body ratio to be the most sexually attractiveHeterosexual women and men was that their first choice was for heavy women with a 0.7 waist-to-hip body ratio and large breasts  Men rated continuum of female figures that differed only in the size of the busts, but not huge busts  Individuals’ self-ratings meshed with those by others, both female and male  Women’s judgements were most closely related to how men perceive them  An experiment manipulated men’s voices and asked women to rate them for attractiveness  Heterosexual women at the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle found men with more “masculine” – that, is deeper – voices to be more attractive Non-Physical Traits Affect Perceptions of Physical Attractiveness  Nonphysical traits also affect our perception of beauty  Perceived beauty of a partner is likely to be enhanced by nonphysical traits such as familiarity, liking, respect, and sharing values and goals  Females and males rate the attractiveness of faces higher when the are smiling than when they are not smiling  Women are more likely to be attracted to socially dominant men than men are to be attracted to socially dominant women  Highly feminine women are more likely to be attracted to dominant “macho” men than less feminine women are  Men are more likely to be jealous of socially dominant men, whereas women are more likely to be jealous of physically attractive women What do you Look for in a Long-Term, Meaningful Relationship?  Long-term partner, women place relatively greater emphasis than men on such traits a vocational status, earning potential, expressiveness, kindness, consideration, dependability, and fondness for children  Men give relatively more consideration to youth, physical attractiveness, cooking ability, and frugality  Women rated responsibility as more important than men did, whereas men rated physical attractiveness as more important than did women when selecting a future spouse  Choosing a casual sex partner, women rated physical attractiveness as being more important than did men  Men and women rated responsibility as being most important when choosing future spouse, followed by physical attractiveness, sexual skills, and status/popularity  Germany and the Netherlands emphasized the importance of physical attractiveness  Korean women placed more emphasis than men on education, jobs, and family origin  Men placed more emphasis on physical attractiveness and affection  Among the second-generation Southeast Asian Candians, the strength of connectedness to one’s family was the strongest predictor of traditional mare attribute preference  Most respondents preferred their future spouses to have traditional attributes Are Attractiveness Preferences Inherited?  Psychologist argue that these gender differences in mate preferences ma have been passed down through the generations as part of our genetic heritage  Despite gender differences, both men and women report that they place greater weight on personal characteristics than on physical features in judging prospective mates  Many women, like men, do prefer physically appealing partners  Women tend to marry men similar to themselves in physical attractiveness as well a socioeconomic status  In societies in which women are economically dependant on men, a man’s appeal may depend ore on his financial resources than on his physical appeal Attraction-Similarity Hypothesis: the concept that people tend to develop romantic relationships with people who are similar to themselves in attractiveness  People who are involved in committed relationships are most likely to be similar to their partners in their attitudes and cultural attributes  Our partners tend to be like us in race and ethnicity, age, level of education, and religion  95% of Canadians choose partners of the same racial background as their own Do “Opposites Attract” or Do “Birds Flock Together”?  It is not true that “opposites attract”  Are actually less apt to be attracted to people who disagree with our views and tastes to people who share them  Propinquity, that is, relationships are made in neighborhood and not in heaven  We tend to live among people who are reasonable similar to us in background and thus comin into contact with them  We are drawn to people who are similar in their attitudes  Women place greater weight on attitude similarity as a determinant of attraction to a stranger of the other sex than do men  Men place more value on physical attractiveness  Tend to assume that people we find attractive share our attitudes  Although similarity may be important in determining initial attraction, compatibility appears to be a stronger predictor of maintaining an intimate relationship Reciprocity Reciprocity: mutual exchange  Potent determinant of attraction  Tend to be much more warm, helpful, and candid when we are with strangers who we believe like us  By reciprocating positive words and actions, a person can perhaps
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