Chapter 2.doc

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 2100
Cindy Clarke

Theories about Sexuality - Chapter Two Research Methods Why is research regarding sexuality and sexual health important? Consider the following thoughts:  All individuals are sexual beings throughout their lives Individual autonomy and responsibility should guide all aspects of decision-making Greatest benefits will be achieved by emphasizing promotion of sexual and reproductive health and preventions of problems Access to sexual health and reproductive health programs and services should be equitable, responsive to diversity, and not limited by discrimination equitable, responsive to diversity, and not limited by discrimination Study of Sexuality The study of sexuality is multidisciplinary and includes psychologists, sexologists, biologists, theologians, physicians, sociologists, anthropologists, and philosophers. A theory is a set of assumptions, principles, or methods that help a researcher understand the nature of phenomenon being studied Relevance of this chapter to you: The major paper required for this course is essentially the critical analysis of the research done, its gaps and your thoughts for future research. It is not a traditional essay on a single topic. In order to be in a position to evaluate research you need to be able to understand the various terms related to research and potential formats used. This chapter provides you with information for the non-scientist which will help you to evaluate research for this paper as well as further paper. It is important that you do not accept all research read as credible and well done. Look at the credentials of researcher, the method used, the format, sample size, etc. Always look with a sceptical eye. Example: An individual conducting research about individuals preference regarding listening to radio or watching television. His sample was the 10 individuals who worked with him at the radio station. The conclusion of his group interview was that, in general, people preferred listening to radio. Can these results be generalized to the population? Is the group interview a good source of gathering information? Are the views biased by the inclusion of radio employers potentially biased? Methods and Considerations Validity: whether or not a test or question measures what it is designed to measure Reliability: consistency of the measure with repeated testing of the same group Generalizability: ability for the answers of a few subjects to be applicable to the general population 1 Types Types Case Study: exploring individual cases to formalize general hypothesis (Freud) Questionnaire vs. interview: used to identify attitudes, knowledge or behaviour of large samples Interviews allow development of rapport between the subject and interviewer Interviews take more time (Alfred Kinsey) Direct Observation: Master’s and Johnson Participant Observation Experimental Methods Correlations: major limitation is that it does not provide any information about cause Formats Case Study Questionnaire versus Interview Direct Observation Participation-Observation Experimental methods Correlations Correlations Ethical issues Need to evaluate the quality of the research Education and credentials of the researcher How recent is the recent How was the sample determined? What lens is the researcher doing the research through TTheories The following research t
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