PHIL 1050 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Elizabeth Anscombe, Peter Geach

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1050
Chapter 9
Are There Absolute Moral Rules?
9.1. Harry Truman and Elizabeth Anscombe
- Truman was the man who decided to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima
and Nagasaki.
- President Roosevelt sent messages to the governments of France, Germany,
Italy, Poland and Great Britain denouncing the bombardment of cities calling
it “inhuman barbarism
- Winston Churchill “The decision whether or not to use the atomic bomb to
compel the surrender of Japan was never seen an issue. There was a
unanimous, automatic, unquestioned agreement around our table”
- After signing the final order, Truman said he “slept like a baby”
- Elizabeth Anscombe believed Britain should not go to war because countries
at war inevitably end up fighting by unjust means.
- Miss Anscombe: married 59 years, 7 children, and one of the 20th centuries
most distinguished philosophers and the greatest woman philosopher In
history,
- Anscombe “for men to choose to kill the innocent as a means to their end, is
always a murderer”
- Anscombe’s point: some things may not be done, no matter what
- Treachery: obtaining a mans confidence in a grave matter by promises of
trustworthy friendship and then betraying him to his enemies
9.2. The Categorical Imperative
- Immanuel Kant argued that lying is wrong under any circumstances.
- He did not appeal to theological considerations
- “Hypothetical imperatives” they tell us what to do provided that we have
relevant desires.
- Moral obligations: you should help someone no matter what your desires are
- Categorical ought’s: they take the form of “you ought to do such and such
period.
- Kant= hypothetical ought’s are possible because we have desires, categorical
ought’s are possible because we have reason.
- Kant + The categorical imperative: act only according to that maximum by
which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.
9.3. Kant’s Arguments on Lying
- Believes our behaviors should be guided by universal laws, which are moral
rules that hold true in all circumstances
- Had strong feelings toward the rule against lying
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Document Summary

Truman was the man who decided to drop the atomic bombs on hiroshima and nagasaki. President roosevelt sent messages to the governments of france, germany, Italy, poland and great britain denouncing the bombardment of cities calling it inhuman barbarism . Winston churchill the decision whether or not to use the atomic bomb to compel the surrender of japan was never seen an issue. There was a unanimous, automatic, unquestioned agreement around our table . After signing the final order, truman said he slept like a baby . Elizabeth anscombe believed britain should not go to war because countries at war inevitably end up fighting by unjust means. Miss anscombe: married 59 years, 7 children, and one of the 20th centuries most distinguished philosophers and the greatest woman philosopher in history, Anscombe for men to choose to kill the innocent as a means to their end, is always a murderer .

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