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PSYC 2310 (255)
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Chapter 13

Chapter 13, Altruism and Prosocial Behaviour.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Chapter 13: Altruism and Prosocial Behaviour Shariff 2007  Unscramble 10 five-word sentences  Conditions: words related to religion, words unrelated to religion  Game with a partner where they could give them any amount of $10 and keep the rest  = religion gave more to partner Korchmaros 2006  Scenarios of life-and-death, and relatedness to participant  = more likely to help those that are similar or more closely related to us Miller 1996  Children watch film about children getting hurt on a jungle-gym  Option of playing or gathering crayons to be sent to children’s hospital  = those high on empathy and moral reasoning gather crayons Darley 1973  Seminary students to give a speech about the Good Samaritan  Students walked into building and pass a stranger slumped in a corner couching and groaning  = those not in a hurry stopped to help Latane & Darley 1968  Questionnaire in a room alone or with others  Smoke starts to pour into room  = all reported to experimenter if alone  = almost none reported it if in a group Clark 1972  Alone/in group, ambiguous (crash) or unambiguous (crash plus groan of pain) emergency  = unambiguous, students helped  = ambiguous, students more likely to help if alone Darley & Latane 1968  Students talking about university problems with 1, 2, or 5 other people  A confederate would mention a seizure problem due to stress  The confederate would start to have slurred speech and ask for help  = 85% alone with confederate or with one other person helped  = 68% with four others helped Cramer 1988  Education or nurse students and were either alone or with one other participant  Man falls off a ladder outside the room and scream in pain  = alone were more likely to help  = % of nurses was the same when alone and with others Rutkowski 1983  Pairs or groups of 4, 20 mins to get to know each other or no time  Had to work on problems individually, worker falls off a ladder outside  = pairs most likely to help  = groups that got to know each other were more likely to help Piliavian 1972  Confederate with a cane walks through a subway car and falls, either lays still or starts to breed from the mouth  = people were less likely and took longer to help if there was blood Frank 199
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