Chapter 1 Pg 14 - 21
Science of Learning and Behaviour:
John B Watson:
• Studied in the School of Thought known as Structuralism
• Students trying to argue a fact would have to appeal to wiser people who could
give them answers that students could not understand.
• The main issue with this is that only the people in authority are able to make
discoveries and the science is only the opinions of the ruling party.
• Watson was a professor at Hobkins University he was a professor of Comparative
• He wrote the Behaviour Manifesto that dictated psychology was far to subjective
and that debates could go on for hundreds of years and still go no where.
• Wilson’s call for the study of behaviour was a direct challenge at introspection (idea
• He doubted the existence of dreams and thought that a muscle twitch was only a
muscle twitch and nothing more. Though crude by todays thoughts it was a ground-
He was a firm believer in conditioning experiments. In one of his experiements he
presents an 11 year old boy with a white rat and then scares him with a loud noise
(totally illegal and unethical today) Conditioned to have a scared feeling with a
white rat he attributed the fear to all furry animals including rabbits, fur coats and
other furry animals/clothing.
• With this information he pocked fun at Fraud analysis of phobia’s.
• Even today we still suspect that phobias have some deep rooted fear in a traumatic
event that took place in our lives.
• Watson was essentially a campaigner; he wanted to change how the world and the
scientific community viewed psychological experimentation. He w