Textbook Notes (368,432)
Canada (161,877)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2450 (267)
Chapter 5

text summary for chapter 5

3 Pages
75 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2450
Professor
Anneke Olthof
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYC 2450 - Chapter 5: Birth and the Newborn’s Readiness for Life  Prenatal environment – environment surrounding birth  First stage of labour – period of birth process lasting from the first regular uterine contractions until cervix us gully dilated  Second stage of labour – period of birth process during which fetus moves through the birth canal and emerges from the mother’s body (also called delivery)  Third stage – expulsion of the placenta (afterbirth) – takes 5 –10 minutes Baby’s Experience  Produce activating stress hormones that help them withstand oxygen deprivation by increasing their heart rate and flow of oxygenated blood to the brain  Not especially attractive when born – bluish from oxygen deprivation, may have flattened noses, misshapen foreheads, assortment of bumps and bruises  Look at 5 standard characteristics to assess infant – heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, colour, reflex irritability  Apgar test – quick assessment of the newborn’s heart rate, respiration, colour, muscle tone, and reflexes that is used to gauge perinatal stress and to determine whether a neonate requires immediate medical assistance  Neonatal behavioural assessment scale (NBAS) – test that assesses a neonate’s neurological integrity and responsiveness to environmental stimuli – tests 20 inborn reflexes Labour and Delivery Medication  Mothers who receive large amounts of anesthesia often less sensitive to uterine contractions, don’t push effectively during delivery  Babies may have to be pulled from birth canal with obstetrical forceps (look like salad tongs) or vacuum extractor  Labour and delivery medications cross placenta – in heavy doses can make babies lethargic and inattentive  infants of heavily medicated mothers smile infrequently, are irritable and difficult to feed or cuddle for few weeks of life  now use less toxic drugs in smaller doses  natural and prepared childbirth – each involve delivery were physical and psychological preparations for birth are stressed and medical assistance minimized  caesarean section – surgical delivery of a baby through an incision made in mother’s abdomen and uterus  believe home deliveries reduce mothers fear and offer social support with presence of family or friends  alternative birth centre – hospital birthing room or other independent facility that provides a homelike atmosphere for childbirth but still makes medical technology available  some free standing, some part of hospitals  no more risky then in hospital  midwifery regulated profession The Social Environment Surrounding Birth  emotional bonding – describe strong affectionate ties that parents may feel towards their infant – some theorists believe strongest bonding occurs shortly after birth during sensitive period  mothers who had more interaction with babies appeared more involved and held them closer  still develop bonds if adopt child and don’t have early contact  postpartum depression – strong feelings of sadness, resentment, and despair that may appear shortly after childbirth and can linger for months  many severely depressed women don’t want their children and see them as difficult  lack of social support increases risk  fathers fears mounted during labour  new fathers experience engrossment – fathers fascination with neonates, including desire to touch, hold, caress and talk to newborn baby  father present at birth has closer contact and better bond Birth Complications  anoxia (oxygen deprivation)  lack of sufficient oxygen to brain  may result in neurological damage or death  nearly 1% babies born  umbilical cord squeezed during birth – when bab
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2450

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit