Textbook Notes (368,795)
Canada (162,165)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2650 (228)
Baron (12)
Chapter 1

Cognitive Chapter 1.docx

3 Pages
102 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2650
Professor
Baron
Semester
Fall

Description
Cognitive Psychology: The Science of the Mind 1 Chapter 1: page 3-16 The Scope of Cognitive Psychology - Was first launched as the “scientific study to knowledge” - Cognitive psychology can help us understand capacities relevant to virtually every moment of our lives A Brief History - Roughly 50 years old - Years of Introspection: - Late 19 century - Wundt’s and Titchner’s view: psychology needed to be concerned largely with the study of conscious mental events (feelings, thoughts, perceptions, recollections) - The only way for us to study thoughts is for each of us to introspect (look within) and to observe and record the content of our own mental lives - Introspects had to be trained - Must avoid the stimulus error - Problems with introspection - Soon forced to acknowledge that some thoughts are unconscious (unobservable) - No way to test its claims - Were not objective, independently verifiable, reliable, generalizable - Rules out animals and children (unable to report their feelings) - We achieve objectivity by making sure the raw data are out in plain view, so that you can inspect evidence - Years of Behaviourism - Behaviourism of John B. Watson and Skinner - Insisted on independently observable stimuli and responses - S  R Psychology - Solution to problems with introspection - Psychology needed objective data - Psychology was defined at learning - Learning: involves changes in response probabilities that vary with changes in stimuli over time - Positive/ negative reinforcement, punishment, etc. - Can observe: - An organism’s behaviour - Stimuli - Learning history (record patterns of behaviour with the accumulation of experience) - Cannot observe: - Imagery - Attention - Perception - Memory - Proposed that the mind was a black box - Claimed that the mind could not be measured with objective, independently verifiable, and reliable methods - Dominated psychology for the first half of the 20 century - How behaviour changes in response to various stimuli - Behaviorists failed to generalize basic “laws of behaviour” to complex human behaviour - Explaining language learning was the behaviorists’ biggest challenge - And biggest failure - The ways that people act/ feel are guided by how they understand or interpret a situation - Although entities such as beliefs, memories, etc. cannot be studied directly (not observable), they play a pivotal role in guiding behaviour Cognitive Psychology: The Science of the Mind 2 - Physical similarity is not what unites the various stimuli that evoke salt passing - Stimuli that are physically different from each other have similar effects - Stimuli that are physically similar from each other have different effects - Cognitive Revolution - Chomsky argued that - Behaviourism cannot account for how children learn language - Proposed that language is a rule-cased system that involves innate knowledge - The past tense rule: if you want to express the pa
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2650

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit