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Chapter 10: The Adult Years
-Early adulthood generally marks a time of transition from relative dependence to
increasing independence and responsibility—however adults with intellectual disabilities
are unable to completely independent in most situations
-Adults with intellectual disabilities may face significant challenges in accomplishing life
goals—i.e. may be unable to find or hold a job, or are not paid enough to live on their
own
-Adults with intellectual disabilities need lifelong support from family, friends, neighbors
and coworkers
Community Living
-Successful adult living may be defined as:
a. Earning a living
b. Having access to further education when desired and appropriate
c. Personal autonomy and independence
d. Interaction with friends and community participation
e. Ongoing involvement within the life of the family
-Making Adult Choices: Competence and Self-Determination
Everyone is considered mentally competent—able to make rationed and reasoned
choices about their lives—at the age of majority unless legally determined
otherwise
An adult can be deemed incompetent through a process known as adjudication
this is where evidence must be provided that the person does not have the capacity
to make rational choices
Parents must make the decision whether or not their child has the right to self-
determination
Self determination is an extension of a concept called “the principle of
normalization”, which means people with intellectual disabilities have access to
the conditions of everyday life that are as close as possible to those of people
without disabilities in the mainstream society
Social role valorization (SRV) gives values to individuals with intellectual
disabilities –people’s welfare depends on the social roles that they occupy
Self-determination takes the view that people with intellectual disabilities should
be able to make decisions and choices about their quality of life without
interference. This type of decision can be hard when dealing with people with
intellectual disabilities.
Self-determination can be determined by factors including: optimal challenge and
empowerment, autonomy, competence, involvement, acknowledgment of
individual feelings, self-regulation.
This can be hard to determine in people with intellectual disabilities. It is
important that people with intellectual disabilities to learn and apply self-
determination skills in work and community life.
-The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
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