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SOAN 2290 (9)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 : Fleras Summary

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Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2290
Cecil Foster

Chapter 8: Fleras Chapter 8: Sovereignty & Canada’s Quebec Intro: • Sovereignty: the exercise of exclusive and final authority over land, peoples, rules, and all legal political matters within a strictly bounded territory. For some, sovereignty is about borders; for other it is about establishing productive and meaningful relations with society at large. • French-English relations have coexisted uneasily since 1841, when Upper and Lower Canada combined into an incipient nation-state. • Language has long been a source of conflict, because the state cannot be neutral when it comes to public communication in contrast to something like religion. • For a certain segment of the Quebec population, English is the enemy and the language of the conqueror. • Even today, English are seen as callously insensitive tyrants and not capable of understanding how it feels to have a language and culture threatened, in part because they are seen as lacking a distinct yet common cultural identity. • English Canadians tend to hold outdate stereotypes of Quebecers as closed society. • Accusations of Quebec being closed-minded are not without logic, because the French only take up a corner in North America they fear the assimilation of Anglophones. Quebec: Province or Peoples?: • Federalism: A political arrangement with a relatively well-defined division of jurisdiction and authority between the center and the subunits. Involved 2 levels of governance: one level is concerned with the country as a whole, and the other level is concerned with provinces. Federalism provides a working framework for a shared unity without sacrificing local and regional differences. • Quebec is historically part of Canada’s federalist system. • The Constitution Act of 1867 established federalism as a framework for balancing conflict interests. Canada as a Contract: • The Canada as a Contract model envisions Canada as a federalist system of 10 equal provinces under a central authority in Ottawa. • A contract exists between the provinces and the federal government. The provinces as well as the central authority in Ottawa are sovereign within their own jurisdictions as set out in the
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