Latin words meaning to make by hand ). energy the power of moving water and then steam to operate large machines in mills and factories. 1679), john locke (1632 1704), and adam smith (1723 1790), caused a shift in focus from a moral obligation to god and monarch to the pursuit of self-interest. Thomas hobbes (1588 1679), for example, suggested that of early scientists such as polish astronomer copernicus (1473 . 1543), italian astronomer and physicist galileo (1564 1642), and. English relations, and bureaucracy: noted that the elites of the 1950s were made up largely of wealthy anglo- English relations, quebec nationalism, regionalism, national unity, and constitutional issues: coined the term institutional completeness, served sociology and canadian society as the director of montreal"s. Institute for research on public policy: 2008: he was named an officer of the order of canada for his.