SOC 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: San People, Sociocultural Evolution, Pastoralism

56 views5 pages

Document Summary

Society all human beings live in societies. Societies change or evolve over time, and differ around the world in many important ways. Society: people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture. Gerhard and jean lenski importance of technology in shaping society; marx history; weber ideas; Socio-cultural evolution: changes that occur as society gains new technology. inventing or adopting any new technology sends ripples of change throughout society. Five types of societies, defined by their technology. Hunter/gatherer: use simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation. *spend most time looking for game and collecting plants to eat. *depends on family to do many things (get & distribute food, protect members, teach children) *religion: shaman or spiritual leader, works to find food too. Horticultural & pastoral: horticulturalism ~ use of hand tools to raise crops; pastoralism ~ domestication of animals.