SOC 1500 Chapter N/A: Brief Notes on the Non-Textbook Readings

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Because of the yoa, canada had the highest rates of youth custody in the world. The ycja is intended to address canada"s over-reliance on incarceration for young offenders. Ycja encourages extrajudicial measures (e. g. , community-based punishments) Deterrence is not a principle of youth sentencing under the ycja which made a significant difference (rehabilitation and reintegration are more important) There are still concerns over high remand custody. Adult sentences are still imposed in a small number of cases involving very violent youth. Social exclusion minority groups (wortley and owusu-bempah, 2011) Black respondents are more likely to view racial profiling as a major problem, while white and asian respondents are more likely to believe that profiling is a useful crime- fighting tool. Blacks are less likely to report that the police adequately explained the reason for the stop and were more likely to report that the police treated them in a disrespectful manner. Violence against women intimate partner violence (johnson and dawson, 2011)

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