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SOC*2070 Readings Week 12.pdf

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2070
Professor
Linda Hunter

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Defining Deviance Revisited and Review The “Deviance Dance” Continues (Bereska Ch 10 pg. 299-319) - “Conformity makes everything easier, if you can still breathe” - “You have to be deviant if youʼre going to do anything new” - the first quotation suggests that conforming will make our lives run more smoothly, at the same time, it points out that conformity is restricting - the second quotation suggests that we can achieve innovation and change only if weʼre willing to risk being thought of as deviant The Objective-Subjective Continuum Objective - focus their spotlight on the act itself, the deviant act exists a priori to the analysis and can be recognized by specific characteristics such as a negative societal reaction, harm, statistical rarity, or a violation of norms - overarching Positivist interest in explaining the variation in human behaviour - focus on causation - what males people act in deviant ways - functionalist, social learning and social control theories Subjective - focus on the social processes by which certain people, action or characteristics come to be perceived as deviant and treated accordingly - suggest we cannot recognize deviance in an objective sense, but instead must be taught that certain people, action and characteristics are deviant - power is perceived as central to determining what is deviant - interpretive and critical theories - combining both subjective and objective provides the most comprehensive understanding of deviance Scientific Misconduct - deviant acts that occur in science, more common than expected Bad Apple/Bad Person Theory - these acts are because of individual factors Iceberg Theory - characteristics of the scientific community set the stage for deviance Social Typing, Social Control, and Powerful Groups Social Typing Process - the notion of deviance emerges out of this, made of 3 components: description, evaluation and prescription Description - a label is attached to a person, behaviour or characteristic Evaluation - a judgment is attached to a person, behaviour, or characteristic as a result of the initial label Prescription - a person is treated in specific ways only because of the label and judgment that have been attached, this refers to the means of Social Control or Regulation - deviance can be met with Informal Controls (through everyday social interactions) or with Formal Controls (at the hands of an institution or organization - the control of deviance may be Preventative (preventing a deviance act in the first place) or Retroactive (following a deviant act) - social typing of deviance is most effective when done by someone that has some institutionalized power in society - 5 different groups in society are especially powerful in that they are able to influence our decisions about who or what is deviant and able to exert potent measures of social control: the media, commercial enterprise, government, religion and science - at times, these powerful groups act as moral entrepreneurs themselves by trying to influence or change societyʼs dominant moral code in relation to a particular issue - at other times, these powerful groups serve as tools used by other groups of moral entrepreneurs in their efforts - the ce
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