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Chapter 10

Social Deviance (Chapter 10).docx

4 Pages

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SOC 2070
Norman Dubeski

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SOCIAL DEVIANCE: CHAPTER 10: DEVIANT ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR  Madoff- committed the largest financial fraud ever carried out by a single individual > swindled his clients; charities, banks, schools and universities of $65 billion. He ran a ‘ponzi scheme’. Sentenced to 150 years. This is a classic case of white collar crime; he could not have committed his theft if he had not been in a position to convince his victims to hand over their billions to him willingly in the expectation they would earn more by investing with him.  Individual deviance: corresponds to 2 of Goffman’s famous trilogy: 1. Behaviour or conditions that indicate blemishes of individual character. 2. Physical traits that are considered abominations of the body.  Individuals who act as embodiments of a particular organization and within an organization setting. The act can’t be performed without the actor’s location within the setting.  The forms of deviance that entail actions whose setting is organizational and whose agency is organizational >cooperate crimes.  Organizational deviance: stands outside Goffman’s trilogy as they can only be enacted by people who have a particular position in a particular organization.  Cover-ups are an important aspect of deviance process.  The opportunity to engage in certain forms of deviance is structured according to occupational position > main reason they engage in deviance is that they are in a position to do so.  Causality: have to look at institutional climate; a product of social control from the top of the organization. WHITE-COLLAR AND CORPORATE CRIME  Cooperate crime is a subset of white collar crime.  Sutherland- white collar crime is an illegal action that is committed by the occupant of high occupational status in the course of his or her professional activity.  Excludes common or conventional crimes.  Stereotype > they are all rich and powerful.  Weisburd – found these offenders did not fit the usual portrait of white collar criminals as occupying high-status positions > concluded that most white collar offenders are ordinary people who got into financial difficulty and who saw their way out through illegal and fraudulent measures.  All cooperate crime is white collar crime but it is a specific form/subtype > entails executives and executive officers engaging in illegal actions that are intended to further the interests of that cooperation; they are actions taken on behalf of the cooperation > the victim is the cooperation.  In some respects it is deviant behaviour and in others it is not.  Most of us can understand the motives of the poor, powerless criminals, who steal out of desperation or commit violence as a result of anger or frustration. The crimes of the rich and the powerful are puzzling to us > doesn’t make sense.  Cooperate crime is similar to all instrumental actions; those that are designed to achieve a certain goal; under certain circumstances achievement of the goal assumes far greater importance than the means by which the goal was attained > illegitimate means to achieve legitimate goal. CORPORATE CRIME: CORRELATIVE FEATURES  Correlative features of corporate crime: 1. Made up of complex, sophisticated and relatively technical actions. 2. Intermingled with legitimate behaviour (i.e. illegal advertising claims are made in the context of a legal legitimate advertising industry. 3. Victimization tends to be diffuse: harm is not always conceptualized or identifiable as such because it is usually spread out over a substantial number of victims. 4. The monetary sums: tend to be large. 5. Cooperate crime is rarely prosecuted; if it is penalties are extremely light. 6. Cooperate crime doesn’t fit our stereotype of real crime; it is rarely condemned to the same degree as street crime. 7. The media tend not to cover cooperate crime in as complete or detailed a fashion. 8. Cooperate criminals even after being convicted rarely think of themselves as real criminals. 9. The intention to harm victim is absent in cooperate crimes.  Two reasons why cooperate crime is so much lucrative than ordinary burglaries, robberies and larcenies: 1. Street criminals have to steal money in the form of a physical object and hundreds of millions are not usually found in the same place at the same time. Cooperate crimes steal by manipulating symbols > they can steal money they don’t even have to pick up and carry away.
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