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Chapter 1

ANTH100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Ethnography, Ethnology, Forensic Anthropology

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Robert Park

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Anthro 100 Chapter One Reading
Key Concepts:
-defining anthropology
-concept of culture
-biological, cultural and linguistic anthropology
-medical anthropology
-uses and interdisciplinary studies
What is Anthropology?
-anthropology - the study of human nature, human society, human language and the human
-holism - a characteristic of the anthropological lens that describes how anthropology tries to
integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities
-studies and describes what it means to be human
-anthropology is holistic, comparative, field based and evolutionary
-all aspects of human life interest and become integrated with one another over time.
-it is important to compare many different societies in order to capture a more realistic, bigger
-most research is conducted in the field, with the people being studied (ethnographic)
-biological and cultural evolution of humans
-how we change and how our beliefs/societies change
Concept of Culture
-culture - sets of learned behaviour and ideas that humans acquire as members of society.
-culture is used to adapt and transform the world
-humans learn how to survive from others
-we don't have natural animal instincts for food and shelter
-people form culture by copying others - beliefs and behaviours are not in our genes
-bio-cultural organisms - organisms (humans) whose defining features are codetermined by
biological and cultural factors.
Biological Anthropology
-biological anthropology - the anthropological study of what makes humans similar and
different from other organisms
-primatology - the study of non-human fossils and associated remains to understand our
evolutionary history
-paleoanthropology - the study of human fossils and associated remains to understand our
evolutionary history
-forensic anthropology - studies human remains
-molecular anthropologists - trace chemicals in the immune system to learn about the
atmosphere, disease ect
-races - social groupings that allegedly reflect biological differences.
-developed during colonialism, as many different people were encountered
-18th century races (Linnaeus):
-amerindian (red skin)
-european (white skin)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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