Textbook Notes (363,074)
Canada (158,173)
Psychology (756)
PSYC 100 (35)
Peter Graf (10)

PSYC 100 - 6 Learning.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of British Columbia
PSYC 100
Peter Graf

Learning/Behaviourism • Learning – relatively permanent change in an organism's behaviour due to experience • Behaviourism – view that psychology should be an objective science • Associative learning – learning that certain events (two stimuli & response in classical/ consequences in operant conditioning) occur together Classical conditioning – learning where an organism comes to associate stimuli, a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus; Stimulus-response relationship; autonomic NS; repetition • Unconditioned response (UR) –unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus • Unconditioned stimulus (US) – a stimulus that unconditionally/automatically triggers a response • Conditioned response (CR) –learned response to a previously neutral (now conditioned) stimulus (CS) • Conditioned stimulus (CS) – an originally irrelevant stimulus that after association with an unconditioned stimulus (US) comes to trigger a conditioned response • Acquisition – initial stage of classical conditioning - associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response • Extinction – diminishing of conditioned response - when an unconditional stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS) • Spontaneous recovery – reappearance, after a pause, of an extinguished conditioned response • Generalization – tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli to the conditioned stimulus to elicit a similar response • Discrimination – ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditional stimulus Operant conditioning –behaviour is strengthened by a reinforcer or diminished by punisher • Respondent behaviour – behaviour that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus • Operant behaviour – behaviour that operates on the environment, producing consequences • Law of effect – Thorndike's principle that behaviours followed by a favourable consequences become more likely and that behaviours followed by unfavourable consequences become less likely • Operant chamber –Skinner box containing a bar/key animals can manipulate to obtain a reinforcer • Shaping– reinforcers guide behaviour toward closer & closer approximations of the desired behaviour Reinforcer – consequence that strengthens/increases the likelihood of the behaviour o Positive reinforcement – adds
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.