PSY 3123 Chapter Notes -Battered Person Syndrome, Domestic Violence, Sibling Abuse

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
School
University of Ottawa
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 3123
Abuse and Violence in the family Chapter
14
What is family violence?
Violence defined as an act intended to physical hurt another person
Abuse refers to a situation in which a person takes advantage of a less
powerful person
History
- Children were considered the property of their parents, exspecially the
fathers decided if they would live or die
o Infanticide killing of babes was considered a form of birth control.
- Parents & teachers punished children physically
- Sexual exploitation of children was Common
“an act for prevention of cruelty to better protection of children”
- Passed in 1893
“Battered child syndrome” coined by Henry Kempe in 1960’s
Canadian Criminal Code (1909-1960)
Included separate offence of wife battering where the victim had to
demonstrate degree of bodily harm that was required in cases od
assault by a stranger
In Canada, was not till 1983 that a man could be charged for
raping his wife
Spousal violence still
doesn’t appear as specific offence under the
Canadian Criminal Code
2007
Females were TWICE as likely as males to be victims of a inmate partner
1990
Supreme court of Canada accepted Battered Women Syndrome was
an acceptable legal defense by a women accused of killing her abusive
partner
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Child abuse
Physical
Physically harming a child
(punching, beating etc)
Emotional
A pattern of behaviors by parents and caregivers that could have
caused serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental
disorders
e.g. rejecting/ignoring/isolating the child
ALL abuse will come from emotional harm
Neglect
Not meeting the childrens basic needs
- physical neglect
- emotional neglect
- educational neglect
Sex
Touching genitals, intercourse, exhibitionism, production of
pornographic photos
How many parents neglect or abuse their children
Most common invested by child welfare is neglect
2007, 153 Police departments reported 53 400 cases of assault againt
those under 18
Reporting: only extreme cases of abuse reported to police if child
protection agencies
o Child abuse is frowned upon by society
o Children are too afraid or to young to disclose abuse
o Professionals may not report suspected abuse
o People may feel it isn’t their business and don’t report
Child Abuse- Demographic Characteristics
Age
Younger children are more likely to be neglected
Older children (12 or >) are more likely to be sexually abused
Gender
Girls are more at risk of sexual abuse (one in 2 girls). .
Poverty
Often results in crowded unsafe housing, restricted childcare opportunities
Lone-Parent families
Higher rates of physical abuse and neglect
Children at risk of being abused include:
1) Unwanted children
2) Children living with a lone parent
3) Children born either prematurely or suffering from
perinatal
complications
4) Children with physical or mental challenges, or those in poor health
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5) Often young
6) Girls are more at risk of sexual abuse often emotionally
deprived and socially isolated, usually trust perpetrator who most
likely is the only person who shows the child affection, expected to
protective; most often sexually abused by family member
Child Abuse - Consequences
Abused/neglected children have to adapt/cope with living in a
challenging environment
These adaptations/coping mechanisms might cause problems in other
contexts
Understanding of emotion
Being a victim of abuse/neglect exposes you to different emotional
experiences
May change your understand and experience of emotion
Is Spanking Child Abuse?
2010 father in NB sentence to 45 days in jail for spanking 6 year old
son.
The issue of spanking provokes strong opinions.
Researchers state that most parents spank their children.
Younger, less well-educated mothers tended to spank children more
often than fathers and older, better educated mothers.
Those who argue that spanking is not abuse state that their parents
spanked them and it did them no harm.
Officers will ask
“open hand or closed hand”
Literature states it CAN have long-term effect if it is consistent
Spank other than the bottom or use a different object, or leave bruises or
bleeding
than it IS child abuse
What kinds of people abuse or neglect their children?
Perpetrators can be male or female
Differ in ages and relationships to child
Lower-socio-economic level in society
Physical Abuse
Social interaction models recognize that abuse always takes place in a
certain context (stressful environment)
Has poor coping techniques
Isolated and little social interaction
Lack financial resources
Perceive parenting as stressful
-
In crisis
claim their own needs and ignore child’s
- Set standards high, beyond developmental level
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Document Summary

Abuse and violence in the family chapter. Violence defined as an act intended to physical hurt another person. Abuse refers to a situation in which a person takes advantage of a less powerful person. Children were considered the property of their parents, exspecially the fathers decided if they would live or die: infanticide killing of babes was considered a form of birth control. An act for prevention of cruelty to better protection of children . Battered child syndrome coined by henry kempe in 1960"s. Included separate offence of wife battering where the victim had to demonstrate degree of bodily harm that was required in cases od assault by a stranger. In canada, was not till 1983 that a man could be charged for raping his wife. Spousal violence still doesn"t appear as specific offence under the. Females were twice as likely as males to be victims of a inmate partner.

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