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Chapter 3

Chapter 3 from Global Politics

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL114H5
Professor
Jurgensen
Semester
Fall

Description
Globalization- Political Science 114 26/12/2012 9:34:00 PM Major Themes in the Cold War: Cold war was fought through diplomacy, ideological rhetoric, arms races, regional proxy wars and interventions, and the completion for allies and military bases Nuclear arms race (the nuclear statement):  Between America and Russia of which super power was the most powerful, and distinguished it by the threats of letting the nuclear power effuse. 1. Proxy wars: wars, usually in the south, in which the great powers are indirectly involved. 2. Global ideological rivalry  A high level of animosity existing between the East and West.  Between the democratic liberal capitalism (first world) vs. the communist command economy (second world).  Professed to their ideology and their allies were support with their political systems. 3. Geo-political and alliance and informal rules/understandings: superpowers established formal and informal understandings and agreements and often that guided relations between them. Ex) both sides had sphere of influence like Eastern Europe and Central America. 4. Cycles of cooperation and confrontation: there was a good relation between America and Russia for about 10 years that was called the détente. 5. Superpower involvement in regional wars meant that they did not directly engage in warfare but they had allies that were in direct contact that were against each other like a proxy war. Ex) Cuba was a proxy for the Soviet Union involvement in Angolan War. International issue of decolonization, which led to the interests in protection and promotion of human rights. The Origins of the Bi-Polar Era: The Ideological Dimension: communism vs. capitalism/liberalism  Competition of which political economic and social system would build a better economy  War between the western and communist to over throw the system  Foreign policy of Soviet Union was seen as a defense of preserving and protecting  Ronald Reagan gained Presidency and blamed Soviet Union for route of all evil. Geopolitical Dimension:  The WW2 basically left duopoly of power left, which led the super powers regard each other as rivals  Soviet had geopolitical advantage because of the mass amount of land was seen as a threat  Led to the creation of NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization composed of defense alliances and international organization to percent U.S.S.R from going political influence for territorial conquest.  From the perspective of Soviet planners, the geopolitical position of U.S.S.R was not
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