Globalization- Political Science 114 26/12/2012 9:34:00 PM
Major Themes in the Cold War:
Cold war was fought through diplomacy, ideological rhetoric, arms races,
regional proxy wars and interventions, and the completion for allies and
Nuclear arms race (the nuclear statement):
Between America and Russia of which super power was the most
powerful, and distinguished it by the threats of letting the nuclear
1. Proxy wars: wars, usually in the south, in which the great powers are
2. Global ideological rivalry
A high level of animosity existing between the East and West.
Between the democratic liberal capitalism (first world) vs. the
communist command economy (second world).
Professed to their ideology and their allies were support with their
3. Geo-political and alliance and informal rules/understandings: superpowers
established formal and informal understandings and agreements and often
that guided relations between them. Ex) both sides had sphere of influence
like Eastern Europe and Central America.
4. Cycles of cooperation and confrontation: there was a good relation
between America and Russia for about 10 years that was called the détente.
5. Superpower involvement in regional wars meant that they did not directly
engage in warfare but they had allies that were in direct contact that were
against each other like a proxy war. Ex) Cuba was a proxy for the Soviet
Union involvement in Angolan War.
International issue of decolonization, which led to the interests in protection
and promotion of human rights.
The Origins of the Bi-Polar Era:
The Ideological Dimension: communism vs. capitalism/liberalism
Competition of which political economic and social system would
build a better economy
War between the western and communist to over throw the system
Foreign policy of Soviet Union was seen as a defense of preserving
Ronald Reagan gained Presidency and blamed Soviet Union for
route of all evil. Geopolitical Dimension:
The WW2 basically left duopoly of power left, which led the super
powers regard each other as rivals
Soviet had geopolitical advantage because of the mass amount of
land was seen as a threat
Led to the creation of NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
composed of defense alliances and international organization to
percent U.S.S.R from going political influence for territorial
From the perspective of Soviet planners, the geopolitical position of
U.S.S.R was not