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Chapter 15

PSY100Y5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Dissociative Identity Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Psychogenic Amnesia


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Chapter
15

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Psychology
Chapter 15
1. Medical Model of Psychological Disorders
a. Proposes it is useful to think of abnormal behaviour as a disease
b. Viewed with sympathy not fear, but carries social stigmas
i. Diagnosis: distinguishing illness
ii. Etiology: causation and development of illness
iii. Prognosis: Probable course of illness
2. Criteria of Abnormality
a. Deviance: Deviate from what is socially acceptable
b. Maladaptive Behaviour: Everyday adaptive behaviour is impaired
c. Personal Distress: Individuals report of great distress (ex. Anxiety)
3. Recent Developments and Issues related to the DSM-5 Diagnostic System
a. A book that outlines which syndromes of psychological disorders there are
b. Issues
i. Too categorical, individuals often overlap, instead push for dimensional
approach where people score on scales
ii. Medicalizes everyday problems such as gambling
4. Prevalence of Psychological Disorders
a. Epidemiology: Study of distribution of disorders in population
b. Prevalence: Percentage of population exhibiting disorder
5. Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
a. Anxiety disorders: Excessive apprehension and anxiety
b. Generalized anxiety disorder: High level anxiety that is not tied to a threat
c. Specific phobia: Fear of an object or situation that presents no real damage
d. Panic disorder: Recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety
e. Agoraphobia: Fear of public places
f. OCD: Persistent obsessions
6. Development of Anxiety-Dominated Disorders
a. Biological
i. Concordance rate: percentage of twin pairs who exhibit same disorder
(suggested a moderate link)
ii. Link between anxiety and neurochemical activity
b. Conditioning and learning
i. Classical conditioning with a neutral stimulus is paired with a fearful event
ii. Through operant conditioning, one avoids the stimulus which reduces anxiety
c. Cognitive Factors
i. Certain thinking styles make one prone to anxiety disorders
d. Stress
i. Stress can cause anxiety disorders
7. Dissociative Amnesia
a. Dissociative disorder: lose contact with part of memory resulting in disrupted sense of
identity
b. Dissociative amnesia: loss of memory for important personal info
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