Chapter 7 Memory, Attention, and Learning
Self-Conceptions of Age-related Memory Loss
-Self-ratings of memory performance are measures of metamemory, or the self-appraisal
or self-monitoring of memory
-Studies of metamemory gauge how well each of us understands, the efficacy of our own
- a large number of people inaccurately assessed their memory skills
-People who reported depression and impairment on daily acvitites of daily living
were more likely to report impaired memory, even though they performed normally on the
-older adults have a much more negative view of their memory ability than younger adults
-Why do discrepancies exist between metamemory and actual memory performance?
1. May be the case that people confuse their self-perceptions of everyday memory
failures with age-related changes in physical and/or mental health status.
2. Older adults (and their relatives and health care providers) tend to overestimate
the number of memory difficulties they experience in everyday life. Older adults seem to be
sensitive to their memory failures than younger adults.
3. A third reason for the discrepancy between metamemory and memory
performance is that self-report measures may, in actuality, assess the complexity of an
individual’s psychosocial environment rather than his her memory.
4. People’s ideas about the structure, function, and organization of human memory
may be inaccurate.
Varieties of Memory Aging
-Temporal characteristics: Short-term memory, long term memory, autobiographical
-The processes associated with retrieval of information from long-term memory are
age-sensitive, whereas short term memory tasks place relatively little if any demand on
age-sensitive processing resources.