Chapter 2: psychodynamic perspective (p26) school of thought united by a common concern with the dynamics, or interaction, of forces lying deep with the mind. A) psychic determination much of our behavior is not freely chosen, but on the contrary, is determined by the nature and strength of intra-psychic forces. B) the belief that such forces operate, for the most part, unconsciously (true motives of our behavior are unknown. C) assumption that the form these forces take is deeply affected by childhood experience, and relationships with the family. It is the idea that almost all mental activity takes place unconsciously. Mind is divided into 2 levels: 1) perceptual conscious. 2) unconscious: unconscious (p27) level of mind that consists of all the psychological materials (memories, desires, fears, etc) that the mind is not attending to at that moment. 2 levels of the unconscious: 1) preconscious materials that are normally unconscious, but may still be retrieved.