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PSY345H5 (68)
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EXCEPTIONALITY DEFINITIONS.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY345H5
Professor
Stuart Kamenetsky
Semester
Winter

Description
 selected eugenics - belief that can improve society by discouraging people with genetic defects from reproducing  ada - passed in 1990; law that prohibits discrimination based on disability in the areas such as telecommunication, transportation, public accommodations, local government and commercial facilities o disability defined as - physical or mental impairment that substantially limits from one or more activities of daily living  reasonable accommodations - provision under ADA that ensures that people with disabilities have equal chance of participation; accommodations might be in areas of transportation, telecommunication, employment etc  developmental approach - what is typical is characterized in terms of traits that occur the most freq in a population of a given age; label people based on the deviations from the average in terms of a number of abilities  cultural approach - what is typical is determined by the cultural values; label people if they do something that is disapproved by society  self labeling - self imposed label that reflect how we perceive ourselves; may be labeled by society but not accept that label  environmental bias - the environment in which we view the person will influence our perceptions of that person  medical model - has two dimensions -> normalcy (absence of disease); pathology (alternation of organism as a result of disease)  Pinel - disabled should be treated humanely but disability cannot be cured; no treatment will help them  Lock - at birth mind is a blank state, open to experience  Itard - worked with Victor; leaning can occur even in people who are considered by professionals as hopeless  Wund - psychology is science of conscious experience  James - also added motivation and emotions  Watson - shift of psy as science of conscious experience to observable behavior  trephining - drilling holes in the scull to allow evil spirit to leave  social deviance - what is abnormal is defined in terms of social expectations; deviations from social expectations is abnormal; abnormality is culturally determined; abnormal - is not necessarily illness (physical)  barrier free facilities - buildings with no architectural obstructions so that the person with physical disability can move around freely and get to work or school  mainstreaming - or main dumping; placement of kids with disabilities into general ed classroom with no additional support; letting them sink or swim; most kids don’t succeed bc general ed is designed around average student  education for all handicapped children act - also public law 94; passed in 1975; law that made FAPE available to all children btw ages of 6 and 21, regardless of the type and extent of their disability; later called IDEA  IDEA - law that made FAPE available for all children btw ages of 6 to 21, regardless of type and extent of their disability; all eligible kids must receive special edu and related services based on their needs; based on the value that every student can learn  FAPE - free and appropriate public education; provision under IDEA which requires that all eligible kids with disabilities are included in public education  public law 99 - extended right to education to children btw 3 and 5; as well as toddlers below 2; right to assessment and ifsp  IFSP - structure similar to EIP but also includes families  zero exclusion principle - no people with disabilities can be denied services, regardless of the type and the extent of their disability ; student with disability can’t be expelled from school for misbehavior  zero tolerance - consequences of student’s misbehavior are predetermined; ie if misbehaves will get expelled  related services - services that are provided for disabled to insure that they benefit from education; ie slp, transportation, medication  IEP - written statement that is the framework for providing FAPE to all eligible children with disabilities  functional life skills - practical skills that facilitate person’s involvement in family, school and community life o may include daily living; social development like self determination - the ability to consider options and ability to make appropriate choices o if these skills are not taught in formal instruction than they will not be learned  adaptive fit - the degree to which the student is able to cope with the requirements of school setting and the extent to which school recognizes and accommodates the student; this fit constantly changes; it is compatibility btw the demands of the task and the person’s ability  adaptive instruction - enhances student
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