Textbook Notes (363,534)
Canada (158,402)
Sociology (1,471)
SOC263H5 (63)
Chapter 13

chapter 13 notes

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Mary Jo Nadeau

Chapter 13 Introduction: -Poor social and economic conditions and inequalities in accessto resources and services affect an individual or groups health and well-being -Groups experiencing some form of social exclusion tend to sustain higher health risks and lower health status -Poverty is a key cause and product of social exclusion -Racial and gender differences in health status tend to reflect differences in social and economic conditions. -Racialized poverty accounts for labour market segregation, low occupation status, high and frequent unemployment status, substandard housing combined with violent or distressed neighbourhoods, homelessness, poor working conditions, extended hours of work or multiple jobs, experience with everyday forms of racism and sexism, and lead to unequal health service utilization, and differential health status. -there have been links between the minority status of ethnic, immigrant and racialized groups and low health status. -socio-economic conditions in early life lead to increased health risks in adulthood. -racialized community members, recent immigrants, and refugee women, men and their children, experience psycho-social stress of discrimination and racism which contribute to such health problems as hypertension, mental health, and behavioural problems such as substance abuse. -research shows that the experience of racism and discrimination puts racialized group members and immigrants at higher risk of mental health problems. Social Exclusion: -Describes both structures and the dynamic processesof inequality among groups in society which, over time, structure accessto critical resources that determine the quality of membership in society and ultimately produce and reproduce a complex of unequal outcomes. -in industrialized societies, social exclusion is a by product of a form of unbridled accumulation whose processescommodify social relations and intensify inequality along racial and gender lines -In the post 911 era, racial profiling and new notions of national security seem to have exacerbated the experience of this form of social exclusion Social Exclusion in the Late Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Century -The intensification of social exclusion can be traced to the restructuring of the global and national economies which emphasized deregulation and re- www.notesolution.com
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