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Chapter 4

ANTA02H3 Chapter 4: Renegade Dreams

Course Code
Maggie Cummings

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Kemo (gang leader) and Justin (former gang member) organize a community forum on violence
Rate of violent crime was almost double those of NYC and LA
A wounded victim of gun violence is four times more likely to end up disabled than dead
Gunshot injuries are the second most cause of disability in urban areas
Gun violence is the primary cause of disability among Latinos and Blacks
Gangs devalue injured affiliates as they can't respond physically to threats
But the injuries that do occur help constitute the turf that their respective gang set will
control and profit from
Scholars view disability as a source of oppression, comparable to inequalities based on race,
gender, and sexual orientation
They argue that it's not an individual's actual "impairment" that stop the individual in
terms of social status, but socially imposed barriers (inaccessible buildings, limited
transportation, communication and prejudicial attitudes)
Medical model: disabilities are physical conditions that reduce a person's quality of life and thus
pose clear disadvantages to that person
Arthur Frank discusses how the medical model is unsettling and almost foreign experience for
the ill and injured
Because doctors are trained to reinterpret personal feelings or suffering into symptoms
Instead of being medically classified of impairment, people should embrace their wounded
bodies as an act of empowerment
Americans with Disabilities Act has greatly increased flow of resources to disabled people
Scholars of physical impairment have glossed over the ways race operates within disabled
communities - for example: Justin being in a wheelchair from a gang fight compared to a white
man who is paralyzed from a car crash
Ex- gang members are in rehabilitation programs to help teach those suffering from spinal cord
injuries and how to adapt
"Crippled Footprint Collective" (victims of violence)- program goes around to schools to
talk about how your life is permanently altered by a disability
Get students to be aware of the consequences of being in a gang and selling drugs
Hope to get current gang members thinking about their lives outside the gang
specifically if they become paralyzed and have to care for themselves
Educates students on the spine and how they can be paralyzed from either the neck
down or from waist down and that there is no medicine or doctor that can fix it
Oscar explains that you could die from the sore (pressure sore or bed sore) that occurs
and having limited access to medical care in their neighbourhood increases the chance
of dying faster
Hope that by presenting an altered version of the gang narrative - a version in which
injury isn't noble but preventable- inner- city students will come to see the effects of
violence more clearly
Former gang members signal the ways in which the practices about the disabled life, they signal
the ways in which the practices of injury and enabling rely upon and help shape each other and
how injury and enabling is a way to respond to the gang's influence in Eastwood
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