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Chapter

6. Socialization and Solutions to Social Order.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA02H3
Professor
Shelly Ungar
Semester
Fall

Description
 Socialization – is the process by which people learn their culture, including norms, values and roles. And become aware of themselves as they interact with others  Socialization is important for babies especially because they depend of older and experienced to learn from  There are many Theories of Childhood Socialization:  The self consists of your ideas and attitudes about which you are (self-development). Freud believes that children self-image when their demands are denied by parents ex. Not feeding kids in the middle of the night will make the kids learn to eat more before going to sleep  Cooley – our feelings about who we are depend largely on how we see ourselves evaluated by others ex. Student gets a poor grade leads to affect their self-concept  Mead – believes there is a I which is the personal aspect of the self that is present from birth, then there is the Me that is the general component of the self that emerges as people communicate and learn to take on roles of others  Mead came up with 4 stages of development for kids:  Children learn to use language and other symbols by imitating from significant others like mom and dad  Children learn to be like other people. Ex playing doctor  After development to older people they play complex games that requires them to simultaneously take roles of several others ex. Baseball  The fourth stage is generalizing others, using what you’ve learn to teach others  People develop differently because of factors like gender difference and cultural difference  Humans are influenced by others whether they’re real or fake, they effects a person’s Social Environment  The agents of Socialization include:  Families – teaching the importance of primary socialization which is the process of acquiring the basic skills needed during childhood  Schools – teaching the importance of secondary socialization, behaving with others and importance of education  Peer groups – people around the same age and status as yourself, influencing on your appearance, social activities and dating partners  The Mass Media – like TV and Internet teaches about culture, norms, values and awareness of self when using the media  Initiation rite is like rites of passage, that signifies a person’s transition from one group to another group but showing loyalty to the group  Total institutions – are settings in which people are isolated from the large society and under strict control like asylums and prisons  With a less structured social environment, its provide more freedom to children and teens making socialization outcomes less predictable  In Society people believe In religion because it supports functionalism where religion keeps things stable in society  Religion plays a role on society especially on women ex. not allowed to speak in church, Koran says to beat women, Jewish prayer book stresses that people don’t want to be born a women  Religion also creates class inequality (people of the lower classes deserves to be treated bad ‘Medieval times’) and social conflicts (white people believe the churches with only blacks were slaves of Christianity)  Solutions for problem of order  Soc
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