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MacPherson - In the Beginning - Lec 2.docx

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Laura Jane Wey

MacPherson: “In the Beginning” Wednesday September 12, 2012 Genealogy: From Chaos to Zeus Chaos(Dark &Formless void) Night & Erebus (The Depth Gaia + Uranus Eros 3 hundred-handed and 3 Cyclopes and 12 titans Gaia (Earth) Cronus (Titan) + Thea Uranus(sky/heavens Hestia (v), Poseidon, Demeter, Hades, Hera, Zeus Participants in the War between the Titans and the Olympian Gods:  The Gods  The Titans  Gaia (“let him who would conquer in the war first set free those imprisoned in Tartarus”)  The Cyclopes  The Hundred-Handed Geographic Layout of the Universe, According to Greek Myths  Air and sky (ruled by Zeus)  Mt. Olympus (co ruled by Zeus, Poseidon, Hades)  Earth (co-ruled by Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades) *Note: only includes dry land  Sea ruled by Poseidon) *Note: does not include “stream that girdles the earth. “ which is ruled by Oceanus (ruled Atlantic)  Realms under the Earth (ruled by Hades) Genealogy: The Younger Olympian Gods = [Metis] via Zeus  Athena (virginal) = Demeter  Persephone Zeus = Hera  Ares = Leto  Apollo; Artemis (v) = Maia  Hermes = [Semele] via Zeus  Dionysus Origins of other major gods:  Aphrodite (Sea foam; Zeus+Dione; Zeus+Thalassa)  Hephaestus (Zeus+Hera Hera alone)  Pan (Zeus, Hermes or Dionysus= a nymph; Cronus)  Eros (Chaos; Venus+Mars) Major Gods/Goddesses & Their Spheres of Influence I Zeus/Jupiter  God of law & order; protector of travellers & guests Hera/Juno  Goddess of marriage & women  Poseidon/Neptune God of sea & earthquakes Demeter/Ceres  Goddess of agriculture, the harvest & the seasons Hades/Pluto  God of the Underworld Hestia/Vesta  Goddess of the hearth Ares/Mars  God of War (brawn) Athena/ Minerva  Warrior goddess; goddess of wisdom & strategy, crafts & skill (brains) Apollo/Apollo  God of light, prophecy, music, poetry, arts, archery, medicine & healing,
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