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Chpt 7: Urban Planning.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Andre Sorensen

GGRA03 (Week 8): Sustainable Urban Planning and Design Sustainable Urban Planning:  Urban Planning: future ideas and implementable practices for shaping land use and social processes in cities.  Sustainable Urban Planning: future ideas and implementable practices for shaping and mitigating human impacts on the natural environment in cities. - Movement toward sustainable urban planning since the 1980s. - Examples include: urban planners who analyse the designs behind a city, architects who analyse the designs behind a building or structure, and engineers who analyse the design behind roads, bridges and other constructions. Areas of Urban Planning:  Institutional: government and other public sector organizations.  Non-governmental: non-profit organizations; community groups; individual citizens  Private sector: business, planning and design firms, developers Forms of Urban Planning:  Policy: document outlining visions for method of sustainable urban planning. Can be a legislative policy – enforceable by government.  Plan: document outlining objectives and strategies for sustainable urban planning.  Implementation: the action of providing for and evaluating planning objectives and strategies: delivering the policy or plan. An example can be seen in persuading a politician to help popularize a plan. If the planned is plausible enough, it will receive the support of the politician. Sustainable Energy:  Mitigate effects of fossil fuel heating and electricity use  Solar energy  Co-generation: heating and cooling provision by water pipers.  Wind energy Sustainable Transportation:  Urban air pollution caused primarily by vehicle emission:  Particulate matter (soot and metal); nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbons and sulphur dioxide  Nitrogen oxide + hydrocarbons + sunlight = smog  Respiratory illnesses caused and exacerbated by ground level gases: impacts on public health.  Sustainable Transportation Options in Cities:  Pedestrian streets and bicycle lanes  Greenways: linear thoroughfares for pedestrians and bicycles only.  Bicycle delivery programs.  Public transit: subsidized transit systems intended for daily commuting use.  Public Transit Planning:  ‘surface subway’ systems of buses and dedicated bus routes and boarding platforms  2/3 of Curitiba, Brazil use public transit daily  Tubular boarding platforms  Integratio
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