GGRA03 (Week 8): Sustainable Urban Planning and Design
Sustainable Urban Planning:
Urban Planning: future ideas and implementable practices for shaping land use
and social processes in cities.
Sustainable Urban Planning: future ideas and implementable practices for
shaping and mitigating human impacts on the natural environment in cities.
- Movement toward sustainable urban planning since the 1980s.
- Examples include: urban planners who analyse the designs behind a city,
architects who analyse the designs behind a building or structure, and engineers
who analyse the design behind roads, bridges and other constructions.
Areas of Urban Planning:
Institutional: government and other public sector organizations.
Non-governmental: non-profit organizations; community groups; individual
Private sector: business, planning and design firms, developers
Forms of Urban Planning:
Policy: document outlining visions for method of sustainable urban planning. Can
be a legislative policy – enforceable by government.
Plan: document outlining objectives and strategies for sustainable urban planning.
Implementation: the action of providing for and evaluating planning objectives
and strategies: delivering the policy or plan. An example can be seen in
persuading a politician to help popularize a plan. If the planned is plausible
enough, it will receive the support of the politician.
Mitigate effects of fossil fuel heating and electricity use
Co-generation: heating and cooling provision by water pipers.
Urban air pollution caused primarily by vehicle emission:
Particulate matter (soot and metal); nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbons and
Nitrogen oxide + hydrocarbons + sunlight = smog
Respiratory illnesses caused and exacerbated by ground level gases:
impacts on public health.
Sustainable Transportation Options in Cities:
Pedestrian streets and bicycle lanes
Greenways: linear thoroughfares for pedestrians and bicycles only.
Bicycle delivery programs. Public transit: subsidized transit systems intended for daily commuting
Public Transit Planning:
‘surface subway’ systems of buses and dedicated bus routes and boarding
2/3 of Curitiba, Brazil use public transit daily
Tubular boarding platforms