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Chapter

Tutorial 6 Notes


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki

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Legacy of the Mutiny
x Author: Thomas R. Metcalf
x Position: important scholar
x Thesis:
o The violence of the mutiny challenged these liberal ideas, and after 1857, colonial ideologies became much more
focused on preserving what many felt were India’s traditional practices.
x Key terms and arguments:
o massacre of Kanpur
o mutiny explained—what caused the mutiny
o hostility towards Muslim community
o Lord Canning
Press Act of June 1857: subjecting newspapers to censorship
Arms Act: restricted the carrying of weapons to anyone holding licences and it was made applicable to all
classes of the population—British and Indian
x Visual: flag of India and Britain
The Lone Satyagrahi: Gandhi, Religion, and Society
x David Arnold Æ Gandhi
o religion—outcast and untouchables Æ looked upon them as equals; rejected outer forms of Hinduism
o political ideologies—non-violence
o movement
The Critique of Modernity
x Gandhi was against British modernity, but not for traditionalism
x he said instead of plantations, everyone should grow their own things
x he said instead of mass production, everyone should make their own clothes
x he was against greed and capitalism
x India did have modernism, but it was never seen
Castes of Mind
x Brahmins Æ priests
x Kshatriyas Æ warriors and rulers
x Vaishas Æ skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
x Sudras Æ poor people
x Outcasts and “untouchables”
x The castes were not always a part of the system, they have become a part now
Gandhism
x Ambedkar does not agree with Gandhism
x he feels that untouchables should have their own rights and their own seats in governments
x Ambedkar does not support the caste system, Gandhi was not, he was including the untouchables
x Gandhi believes everyone is a Hindu, but Ambedkar does not, he feels untouchables are separate
x the danger of saying that everyone is a Hindu, means that there might not be a voice for everyone who is not Hindu,
their religions will not be celebrated, and they will be demoralized
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