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9 Jan 2011
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Legacy of the Mutiny
x Author: Thomas R. Metcalf
x Position: important scholar
x Thesis:
o The violence of the mutiny challenged these liberal ideas, and after 1857, colonial ideologies became much more
focused on preserving what many felt were India’s traditional practices.
x Key terms and arguments:
o massacre of Kanpur
o mutiny explained—what caused the mutiny
o hostility towards Muslim community
o Lord Canning
Press Act of June 1857: subjecting newspapers to censorship
Arms Act: restricted the carrying of weapons to anyone holding licences and it was made applicable to all
classes of the population—British and Indian
x Visual: flag of India and Britain
The Lone Satyagrahi: Gandhi, Religion, and Society
x David Arnold Æ Gandhi
o religion—outcast and untouchables Æ looked upon them as equals; rejected outer forms of Hinduism
o political ideologies—non-violence
o movement
The Critique of Modernity
x Gandhi was against British modernity, but not for traditionalism
x he said instead of plantations, everyone should grow their own things
x he said instead of mass production, everyone should make their own clothes
x he was against greed and capitalism
x India did have modernism, but it was never seen
Castes of Mind
x Brahmins Æ priests
x Kshatriyas Æ warriors and rulers
x Vaishas Æ skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
x Sudras Æ poor people
x Outcasts and “untouchables”
x The castes were not always a part of the system, they have become a part now
Gandhism
x Ambedkar does not agree with Gandhism
x he feels that untouchables should have their own rights and their own seats in governments
x Ambedkar does not support the caste system, Gandhi was not, he was including the untouchables
x Gandhi believes everyone is a Hindu, but Ambedkar does not, he feels untouchables are separate
x the danger of saying that everyone is a Hindu, means that there might not be a voice for everyone who is not Hindu,
their religions will not be celebrated, and they will be demoralized
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Document Summary

Thomas r. metcalf important scholar: the violence of the mutiny challenged these liberal ideas, and after 1857, colonial ideologies became much more focused on preserving what many felt were india"s traditional practices. N key terms and arguments: massacre of kanpur, mutiny explained what caused the mutiny, hostility towards muslim community, lord canning. S press act of june 1857: subjecting newspapers to censorship. S arms act: restricted the carrying of weapons to anyone holding licences and it was made applicable to all classes of the population british and indian flag of india and britain. India did have modernism, but it was never seen. N gandhi was against british modernity, but not for traditionalism. N the castes were not always a part of the system, they have become a part now. N ambedkar does not support the caste system, gandhi was not, he was including the untouchables.

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