N confusionist education educated locally (did not travel abroad) N three principles of the people: democracy, nationalism, and socialism. Tutorial 8 guiding questions: explain the emergence of mao zedong and the strength of the communists. Mao zedong"s 22 years in the wilderness can be divided into 4 phases. The 1st of these is the initial 3 years when mao and. Zhu de, the commander in chief of the army, successfully developed the tactics of guerrilla warfare from base areas in the countryside. These activities, however, were regarded even by their protagonists, and still more by the central committee in. Shanghai (and by the comintern in moscow), as a holding operation until the next upsurge of revolution in the urban centres. In the summer of 1930 the red army was ordered by the central committee to occupy several major cities in south-central china in the hope of sparking a revolution by the workers.