HISC45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Metropolitan Toronto, Psy, Liberal Democracy
34 views4 pages
Chapter 4: Institutioanl gatekeepers.
In the decades after ww2, international music nights, parades and pageants, craft shows and folk socities were among the popular
strategies used by candian instituional gatekeepers to bring about consolidation of the nation.
1.Educate canadains of democracy and pride of belonging
2.assist newcomers integration by interepreting candian cukture to them.
One way to this was to facilatte cultural exchanges betwen new and old cC.
Ofiicals of the citzenshio bracnh saw cultural events as excelltn tools for nation unity. “unity in iversty”
These cultres wre mainly valued for heri capactity to enrich candaina society.
The international intsituition of metroplitan toronto liased with citizenshop branch.
CONTAINMENT: The institue promoted cultural pluralism inoced cleansing the newcomers threatening elemnts and reducing intricate
traditions . STRATEGY OF BOTH CULTURAL APPROPRAITON AND ETHNIC CONTAINMENT. : CRACK IN THIS STRATEGY.
Cultural interpreters: Origins and Agendas.
The internationation institute of metropolitan toronto aimed to bring about essential readjustments in the newcomers ocial psy and cultural
makeupeL turn them into ideal candain citizens.
Aspired to become a meeting place for the migling btwn old and new. Facilatae mutaul respect for each others cultures. Local uN,:
Harmonious, democracits and multiethnic canada.
NATIONAL BRANCH :
-kayes in charge of liasing with elite. Ethin press editors. Pro demorcay materials.
provided “tools of citizenship training”
-emphaized that it was 2 way street: required commitment of both established and new canadians.
-no attempt to mold them into anything else.
•depicted them in positive light. Eager and anxious for opportunites.
-However ignored gengder gap.
Kaye: patient, time. Effort metaphors lame: bread farmer. SALAD. P81.
•officals worked with coyuntless ethinic organizations. Organized festives, chors, art. Cultural events
•Kayes believed they had specialzed knowlegde of ethnic group and exchanged info. '
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUE OF METROPOLITAN TORONTO:
•not agree with integreation, avoided use thier iwn language.
•Share aim of ethinic group joining democratic forces.
•Did not clearly define ethnic groups or culture
•Staff include middle class canadian professional and volunteers and sie some newcomers mainly middle class europeans.
•The institute has 3 roles: community relations and advocacy work; group services and individual service
- local un with mix of people enjoying cultural program.
Reaching out to “ethnic groups”
Canadian branhc: organization cushion fro shock absobers.
Institue: hostile to idea of ethnic organizations serving as agets of canadainaizations. Just wanted peopl in their own group. : saw best
way of intergration as to replace role of ethnic group as quickly as possible. Retared canadization p 85.
Disperse into wider population.
However toronto instutie were insensetive, cultural chuvanism and political naivete. INSTEAD reasoned that ethnic leaders wielded
considerable influence over their own groups yjey sought them out.
Just wanted to newcomers to supprt their group . Di not care to be temporary “Shock absobers” just wanted their contnuing existence.
Lacked understanding of ears complex ethnic-community politics.
Kayes and citizensip beanch better respected ethnic organizations howveer they too focused on elites.
Promoting democracy, cultivating citizenship
One of main goals of gatekeeprs was to encourage and prepare the newcomers to apply for canadian citizenship.
Bring publivty of new canadian act.
MADE A BIG DEAL OUT OF CITIZENSHIP.
Especially IODE, more elaborate celebrations but also harder tests.
Be generous.: jugdes.
THE TORONTO INSTITUTE USED WHAT THEY CALLED A MIC OF SERIOUS OR INTELECTUAL TECHNIQUES OF INTEGRATION
SUCH AS LECTURES AND STUDY GROUPS AND LIHTER SOICLA TECHNIQUES SUCH AS CARD GAMES, SPORTS AND
BOTH REWUIRED MIX OF OLD AND NEW CANADIANS.
Educational material provided by citizenship bracnh proveded lessons on superity of west democracy but also reflection of their own
integration into society.
BY far best way was newcomers could learn the organization and leadership skills so necessary for their civic duty in liberal democracy
was to be given the oppurtunity to run their own clubs and events and joing in sports leagues, ethinic week and other events.
Many instutioanl gatekeepers agreed that these activiteies were to be well structed and supervised nut again the institute apperaed to be
have been more strict or elitist. Mainting firm cotrol and gave impression to newcomers that they were the ones in charge not them of
Carried out top-down policy. : Ensures conformity to all rules.
Extolling ironically the virtues of democractic openess.
Ex: soccer new referee p93.
For these reasons the institue was deeply resented by the newcomers intrusion and had distrust against gatekeepers.
The institute saw it was very important that the old canadians play their roke in transoforming new candaians.
However institue failed to attract large number of peopl as thus undermiined its project. At times forced to beg ordinary citizens to help
out. Most volunteer were women middle class
Newcomers on display
INSTITUTE DID HOEVER ATTRACT AUDIENCES.
Especiallyu in toronto the newcomers were distusted and so to break this image the institue mounted lively interesting anf fun events and
presented the newcomers in positive ligt,
the newcomers were invited to perform their ethnicity: rendering them as fascinating ethnic folks.
ThE NEWCOMERS WERE EXPECTED TO PLAY THEIR ROLES AS PLEASING, DECORATIVE SYMBOLS OF CANADIAN
TOLERANCE AND PLURALISM.
PRETTY WOMEN ON DISPLAY. Media played role.
Showecased their talents : Ludmilla Chiraeef.
In the decades after ww2, international music nights, parades and pageants, craft shows and folk socities were among the popular strategies used by candian instituional gatekeepers to bring about consolidation of the nation. 1. educate canadains of democracy and pride of belonging. 2. assist newcomers integration by interepreting candian cukture to them. One way to this was to facilatte cultural exchanges betwen new and old cc. Ofiicals of the citzenshio bracnh saw cultural events as excelltn tools for nation unity. These cultres wre mainly valued for heri capactity to enrich candaina society. The international intsituition of metroplitan toronto liased with citizenshop branch. Containment: the institue promoted cultural pluralism inoced cleansing the newcomers threatening elemnts and reducing intricate traditions . Strategy of both cultural appropraiton and ethnic containment. The internationation institute of metropolitan toronto aimed to bring about essential readjustments in the newcomers ocial psy and cultural makeupel turn them into ideal candain citizens.