Textbook Notes (378,338)
CA (167,126)
UTSC (19,207)
HLTC22H3 (102)
Anna Walsh (49)
Chapter 12

Chapter 12 notes

6 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC22H3
Professor
Anna Walsh

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Chapter 12 What Is Optimal Aging
Erikson thought that issues in each stage of development, never fully resolved but
always revisitied
Optimal aging
oDifferent ways of aging
oUnfolds depending on choices by individuals
oLongevity, avoidance of particular illnesses (CVD cardiovascular) or
depression, and self-reported health
oMulti-dimensional
oModels are also teleological (specify desirable outcome or goal telos)
oTelos means that the assumption of the dominatint paradigm, or cultural
value
oE.g. it is considered good to live long time
Rowe and Kahns model of successful aging:
Three components:
1.Avoidance of disease
2.Maintenance of high cognitive/physical function
3.Active engagement w/ life
Avoidance of disease:
To avoid chronic diseases ppl avoid toxins of cigarette smoke, good nutrition, exercise
Exposure to toxins = accelerates aging process
Harmful toxins = smoking, alcohol, substance abuse, uv radiation
Nutrition = very important
Bad diet = too high in fats, sugar, protein, without fresh vegetables and fruits
promote CVDs, diabetes, cancer
www.notesolution.com
Good nutrition depends on # of factors: age, gender, family history of illness, body
type, host factors
In animals = caloric restriction decelerates aging process
Supply of supplements also depends on age, health behaviour, genetic endowment
Exercise = aging decelerator
oMaintains weight
oRegulates immune function
oOld ppl in mountainiuos areas live longer.. make connection
Maintenance of high cognitive/physical function
Same factors than maintain good cardiovascular functions are good for
cognitive/physical function
oGood diet, exercise, avoiding toxins
oPhysical therapy
oExercise programs
Active engagement with life
High level of social support AND productive work
Marriage = promotes longevity
Family + friends protects against depression, decrease stress
oMembers to remain in community
Older couples work together to improve hearing/sight
Dysfunctional autonomy: fear of being separated (old old couples) caused ppl to
fake good saying that they have no problems
Productive work = caregiving by elders
oChildcare for grandchildren
oOrganized volunteer work: churches, orphanages, libraries, etc
oRural areas = high number of old ppl
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 12 What Is Optimal Aging Erikson thought that issues in each stage of development, never fully resolved but always revisitied Optimal aging o Different ways of aging o Unfolds depending on choices by individuals o Longevity, avoidance of particular illnesses (CVD cardiovascular) or depression, and self-reported health o Multi-dimensional o Models are also teleological (specify desirable outcome or goal telos) o Telos means that the assumption of the dominatint paradigm, or cultural value o E.g. it is considered good to live long time Rowe and Kahns model of successful aging: Three components: 1. Avoidance of disease 2. Maintenance of high cognitivephysical function 3. Active engagement w life Avoidance of disease: To avoid chronic diseases ppl avoid toxins of cigarette smoke, good nutrition, exercise Exposure to toxins = accelerates aging process Harmful toxins = smoking, alcohol, substance abuse, uv radiation Nutrition = very important Bad diet = too high in fats, sugar, protein, without fresh vegetables and fruits promote CVDs, diabetes, cancer www.notesolution.com
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