Textbook Notes (368,241)
Canada (161,733)
HLTA02H3 (137)
Anna Walsh (16)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Textbook Notes

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Health Studies
Anna Walsh

HLTB03 Midterm Notes: Health, Illness, and Health Care in Canada Chapter 1: Sociology, Medicine, Health, and Illness: An Overview Evolution and the Dominant Paradigm of Scientific Medicine th The germ theory of disease, which gained prominence in the late 19 century, had a profound impact on the practice of medicine. ZJ]l]LZZ9^Z]Z}o]}L}Z ]] ]ZZ]}o}2] 2LZ]LZo]L ]}Z]ZZZ }}L ZL2]LK] ]L[Z]2L}Z] LZ] ZZK]}LZ:L] }]oK}o}]ZZK2: Renaud also makes the }]LZZ LK] o]2K}Z^Z ]] ]}o}2_}]ZZLZ ]] therapies has its roots in the germ theory of disease developed by Pasteur and Koch. While the germ theory helped to develop the prevention of infectious diseases and improved medical practice, the paradigm of specific etiology and specific therapies gave rise to the thought that people can be made healthy by medical technologies and technological fixes. @Z]Z]2KZ] oo}^K ZL]Z] K}o_}ZZman body. ]ZZZL7]ZLo]}L}Z}o}2] o ZL2]LZ}K Z]LZKZ^]:_ ,L]ZZZ]ZK ZL] o Z8KLZ}]L}Z}]L2Z^L}Ko_ functioning of the human machine. This approach basically ignores social causes of much ill health. This mechanistic conception brought about a shift from the consideration of illness as a breakdown of the total system to the notion that ill health could be caused by the malfunctioning of one particular part of the body machinery J in other words, localized pathology. This idea lead, to the medical fragmentation of the delivery of health care. It is argued that the major decline in mortality and morbidity was due to better nutrition and sanitation and other environmental improvements, and that the decline in mortality and morbidity patterns, rather than following significant diagnostic and therapeutic discoveries, in fact preceded them. The asc
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