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HLTA02H3 (137)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTA02H3
Professor
Toba Bryant
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 9: Cracks in the Foundation- Georgina Feldberg & Robert Vipond The Demographic and Social Origins of North American health and health care (1700-1900) History of health care in North America begins with informal healing traditions emerged in pre- colonial and colonial periods and predominated until late 19 century Prior to 20 century, few Canadians visited doctors or hospitals- were for the destitute and dying Lack of formal regulation allowed for diverse and widespread participation in healing practices that were often informal or rooted in domestic economy o Home births assisted by family and neighbours o Mothers taught daughters how to grow and brew common and essential remedies o British North America (BNA) Act (1867) shaped constitutional framework of Canadian federation Reflected contemporary experiences with disease and unimportance of scientific medicine th Throughout 19 century, diseases such as TB, cholera, typhoid, smallpox associated with filth and decay instead of germs Structures of Canadian govt and BNA Act reflected immediacy of health hazards pose by infections and state of health knowledge o Recognized economic significance of infections and implications for trade and military therefore federal govt responsible for quarantines and marine hospitals o Provinces and cities responsible for interventions against infection (ie. Sanitation) o Act created relationship between control of infections, public health and state but ignored curative medicine th Later 19 century- modern or allopathic biomedicine o Kocks postulates (bacterium caused TB, not being filthy) allow focus on microbes that
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