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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Denis Maxwell

HLTC02 WINTER 2013Week4 Female Sex Workers and the Social Context of Workplace Violence in Tijuana Mexico by Katsulis et al AbstractGenderbased violence is the work place impacts the physical and emotional wellbeing of sex workers and may lead to other health problems such as PTSD and depression drug abuse and a greater likelihood of sexually transmitted infectionsThis study looks at social context of workplace violence and risk avoidance in the context of legal regulations meant to reduce harms associated with the industryEthnographic researchThemes founddeciding where to work working with a third party avoiding economic losses and dealing with policeThere is a hierarchy of risk with tradeoffs of increasing some risks to avoid or minimize other risksSex workers employ certain strategies to avoid risk and it is a form of harm reductionThere is no point framing prostitution as violence becauseit doesnt further our understanding of the social context of this work as well as the strategies for risk avoidance used SettingCommercial sex industry in Tijuana came into existence primarily to serve the sexual needs desires and fantasies of American Men during the prohibition era and the crackdown on red light districts in the US cities near the borderThere is a rapid flow of transport and male migrant workers travelling through hereSex work in Tijuana has a QUASILEGAL status o Not illegal or legal but sex workers must carry a health card that is obtained via a clinic where they must show birth certificate photo ID and service fee as a part of the registration process Sex workers must also pay for health screenings and treatment for sexually transmitted STIs o Without health cardverbal warnings fines or jail time o Employers with employees with health cardwarnings fines and eventual suspension MethodsRange of Topics o Demographic information o Work experiences o Experiences of workplace violence harm reduction strategies and relationships with co workers o Household investment strategies an future career aspirations o Nature of relationships with police and customers o Drug and sexual risk behaviours o Mental health outcomesRecruitment
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