Using the surrogate mother as a container: baby m. Impact on surrogacy contracts on the child in deciding before they are born what environment is best for them: active euthanasia: doing something deliberately to cause death (injecting something) Passive euthanasia: treatment or life sustaining measures are withheld: voluntary euthanasia: a patient has voluntarily decided to end their life. Non-voluntary euthanasia: patient is not competent to decide what they want. Involuntary euthanasia: they don t want to be euthanized but we do it anyway: terry shilo: Consistently in a state of higher brain death. Family fought for it and she was nally allowed to die: issues that surround the justi cation of euthanasia. The idea is that a person who has decided that their lives bring more suffering than good. Bene cence: ending suffering as promoting happiness and trying to give some one a death that is free of suffering.