PHLB09H3 Chapter Notes -Surrogacy, Brain Death, Hippocratic Oath

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7 Nov 2011
Lecture 14
November 1st, 2011
liberal perspective is to give women options to make an autonomous choice and do
what they think they should do when it comes to becoming a mother
what is the relationship between having a quarter of my dna and having legal
responsibility for that child
surrogacy is a form of adoption- the woman is allowing her child to be adopted by
some one else
-using the surrogate mother as a container
baby M
-impact on surrogacy contracts on the child in deciding before they are born what
environment is best for them
active euthanasia: doing something deliberately to cause death (injecting something)
-passive euthanasia: treatment or life sustaining measures are withheld
voluntary euthanasia: a patient has voluntarily decided to end their life
-non-voluntary euthanasia: patient is not competent to decide what they want
-involuntary euthanasia: they donʼt want to be euthanized but we do it anyway
terry shilo:
-consistently in a state of higher brain death
-family fought for it and she was finally allowed to die
issues that surround the justification of euthanasia
-this appeals to the principal of autonomy
-the idea is that a person who has decided that their lives bring more suffering than
-beneficence: ending suffering as promoting happiness and trying to give some one a
death that is free of suffering
-this is what would be good for the patient; ending their suffering sooner rather than
there is a substantial moral difference between killing some one and letting them die
-we need to look at the difference between the two of them
-rachels: smith and jones case
-killing and letting die are not all that different
-jones: by not pulling the child out of the water, he is not doing something
-active euthanasia and passive euthanasia: the physician is not the cause of death. In
active euthanasia, the cause of death is the lethal substance injected and in passive
euthanasia, it is the underlying disease
-we might want to differ between what is the physical cause of death from what is
morally responsible for the death
appealing to responsibility is just another way of asking if there is a difference between
killing and letting die
-in one case, smith is the cause of the death and in the other sense, jones is just a
bystander; so smith is responsible for the death
-but they have the same motivation and intention so they are both equally guilty in a
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