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Chapter 5

PSYA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Pineal Gland, Endocrine Gland, Cocktail Party

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Ingrid L.Stefanovic

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The Mysteries of Consciousness
How things seem to the conscious person Is there under standing of mind
and behavior
The Problem of other Minds
The fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others
The is no way to tell if another person is conscious or not
You may see the colour red, but it may seem different to someone else
The Mind-Body Problem
The issue of how the mind is related to the brain and body
Rene Descartes suggested that the mind is connected to the brain through the
pineal gland
Endocrine gland
The Nature of Consciousness
Occurs on different levels
4 major properties
The quality of being directed toward an object
Resistance to division or the ability to integrate information from all
body’s senses into one coherent whole
The capacity to include soe objects, but not others
Dichotic listening
Which people wearing headphones hear different
messages in each ear
Consciousness filters out some information
Consciousness can tune in other information
Conscious system is most inclined to select information of special
interest to the person.
Cocktail party phenomenon
People tune in one message even while they filter out
others nearby
Tendency to change
Levels of Consciousness
Full consciousness
Which you know and are able to report your mental state
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Person's attention is drawn to the self as an object
Recognition of self in mirrors by humans and other animals
Minimal consciousness
Low level kind of sensory awareness and responsiveness that occurs
when the mind inputs sensations and may output behaviour
Full Consciousness: Conscious Contents
Mental Control
Attempt to change conscious state of mind
Thought suppression
Conscious avoidance of a thought
Rebound effect of thought suppression
The tendency of a thought to return to consciousness with greater
frequency following suppression
Ironic Process of mental control
Mental processes that can produce ironic errors because monitoring for
errors can itself produce them
The Unconscious Mind
Unconscious processing can help or hurt decision making
Freud’s Unconscious
Dynamic Unconscious
Active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the
person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner
struggle to control these forces
Mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and
memories from consciousness
Modern Unconsciousness
Cognitive Unconscious
Mental processes that give rise to a person's thoughts, choices,
emotions, and behaviour even though they are not experienced by
the person
Unconscious Summary
Consciousness is a mystery of psychology because other people's minds cannot
be perceived directly and because the relationship between mind and body is
Consciousness has four basic properties: intentionality, unity, selectivity, and
transience. It can also be understood in terms of levels: minimal, full, and self-
Conscious contents can include current concerns, daydreams, and unwanted
Unconscious processes are sometimes understood as expressions of the
Freudian dynamic unconscious, but they are more commonly viewed as
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